- The drawings from the office of Sir John Soane
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The first six rough drawings are in Soane’s hand and began with a design for a simple central gate flanked by piers capped by four-sided pediments. The design gained smaller side gates, and eventually the triangular pediments became segmental pedimented canopy dome caps, and a scrolled acroterion enclosing a wreathed eagle relief was added above the arch.
The construction of the gated entrance was particularly utilitarian as Soane used the rubble from the demolition of old Pitzhanger Manor, mixed with a cement-like substance to create the basic form of the gate arch. This was then faced with brick and flint piers.
Two particular motifs used on the gated entrance were to be used again by Soane in the designs for the rest of the house: the scrolled acroterion and the canopy dome cap. The canopy dome caps, John Summerson suggests, are reminiscent of funereal furniture, resembling the lids of Antique cinerary urns. Indeed, the canopy dome is a form that Soane used on a larger scale later on, for the Soane monument at St Pancras Gardens. The scrolled acroterion, as has already been mentioned, had both a Classical source and reflected work at the Bank of England as well as suggesting a funereal atmosphere.
As it stands today, the gated entrance is a partly restored (during the 1980s) and partly original structure. The ground around it had to be excavated, having risen around the base of the piers. The pine-cone finials that can be seen today are based on conjecture. Some of the designs within this section show a similar finial but the C.J. Richardson watercolours of the 1830s show caps surmounted by vase finials. This later representation may have been part of Soane’s theoretical re-design of his former house. The driveway leading from the arch to the house was reinstated according to the plans in the 1980s.
Virginia Brilliant's TS Pitzhanger catalogue has been instumental to the creation of this catalogue.
Matilda Burn 2010
Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.
Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).
Contents of Gated entrance, c. 1800 - December 1801 (23)
- Preliminary designs, one dated 1800 (3)
- Variant preliminary designs each ornamented with an acroterion enclosing a wreathed eagle, 2 and 4 November 1801 (5)
- Variant designs with side gates and alternative designs for caps to piers (2)
- Variant designs and working drawings with segmental pedimented cap, 10-18 November 1801 (8)
- Final designs and preliminary presentation drawings, 13 November - 21 December 1801 (5)