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Purpose

Variant designs with side gates and alternative designs for caps to piers (2)

Notes

Drawings 166 and 167 incorporate many of the features that appear in the final design including the central scrolled acroterion and flint piers. These two drawings could be characterised as transitional designs because they show both the four-sided triangular pedimented cap of earlier designs and the segmental pedimented cap (to the piers) of the final designs.

Drawing 166 shows the pencil addition of a segmental-pedimented domed cap on the right hand side of the elevation. A detail of the old triangular version is included above, but the pencil additions represent the beginning of a move away from earlier designs. Side gates are also included in pencil. Drawing 167 incorporates both varieties of pedimented caps (to the side gates) and (on top of the left pier) a recumbent lion.

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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