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DALTON, Richard (1715?--1791)
Antiquities and views in Greece and Egypt; with the manners and customs of the inhabitants: from drawings made on the spot, A.D. 1749. By Richard Dalton, Esq. ... Engraved on seventy-nine copper-plates by Chatelain, Vivares, Rooker, Basire, Mason, &c. &c. The Turkish and Egyptian habits coloured.
[London]: printed for Thomas King and Henry Chapman, 1791.
[2], 12, [2] p., [79] pl. (on 77 leaves) ; 56.5 cm. (2º)

This work amalgamates the three series of prints which Dalton had advertised in the press as 'Twenty-one Prints of the Antiquities of Athens ...', 1751; 'Museum Graecum et Aegypticum ...', 1752; and 'A Series of Prints Relating to the Manners, Customs, &c. of the present Inhabitants of Egypt', 1781. The prints were based on Dalton's participation as draughtsman in Lord Charlemont's expedition to the Levant in 1749--50. The publication of the first may have been prompted by the desire to forestall James Stuart and Nicholas Revett's proposed publication on the antiquities of Athens, the first volume of which was issued in 1762 (q.v.), and the lengthy delay in the appearance of the third series by the shortcomings of Dalton's engravings as compared to those in Robert Wood's Ruins of Palmyra (q.v.) and Ruins of Balbec (q.v.). For an account of the earlier publishing history see Harris and Savage, pp. 173-5 and notes to BAL, Early printed books, no. 780 (describing the work as issued ca. 1751--2). The final plate of the 'Habits' is printed on a half sheet. Soane copy 1 represents a variant with the plates of the 'Habits' coloured; another variant, with the plates uncoloured, omits 'The Turkish and Egyptian Habits Coloured' from the title. A folder containing 48 original drawings made for the present work is also in the Soane Museum (see notes to copy 2). ESTC t148876; Harris and Savage 172 (coloured; see also 171, uncoloured).

Copy Notes Copy 1: In this copy the latter series of 27 costume plates is printed on 25 leaves and hand-coloured as called for in the title, and bound with the accompanying 12 pp. of letterpress to precede the Greek subjects. No other copy with coloured plates has been traced. This appears to be the copy sold at Christie's Revett sale, 26--27 June, 1804, lot 98 on day 2, for £2 15s. according to the annotation in the marked-up copy of the catalogue in Soane's library (q.v.).
Copy 2: 51.6 cm. This copy, with the 27 costume plates uncoloured and printed on 26 leaves bound after the Greek subjects, lacks the title-page and may represent an imperfect copy of the 1791 edition, or a collected set of the three suites of prints without a collective title-leaf, as issued between 1781 and 1791. With a lozenge-shaped paper library label with shelf-mark in the form 1035 affixed at the foot of the upper cover nearest the spine. Inscribed in ink on the second front free-endpaper in an unidentified, spidery hand At the Sale of Mr. Gough's Books April 1810 Cost £6.6., i.e. the bookseller and antiquary Richard Gough (1735--1809). The leaves are numbered in pencil bottom right in the hand of Walter Spiers, curator of the Museum from 1904 to 1917. Forty-eight original drawings made in Greece in 1748 for the present work were loosely inserted in this volume, and were subsequently removed and bound in a separate folder by George Bailey, first curator of the Museum, as 'Drawings by R. Dalton Esq / 1749 / Views in Greece and Egypt with / the manners and customs of / the Inhabitants' (SM Vol. 13).

Binding Copy 1: Late C18th half sprinkled calf, marbled-paper boards, gilt roll-tooled spine, red morocco spine-label reading 'Dalton's Manners & Customs Of The Egyptian Nations'.
Copy 2: Late C18th or early C19th sprinkled calf, gilt roll-tooled borders, gilt-tooled spine with urn ornament, red morocco spine-label reading 'Views &c. Of Greece And Egypt, The Manners Of The Present Inhabitants By Rd Dalton'.

Reference Number 2028


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