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You are here: CollectionsOnline  /  A treatise of fruit-trees, shewing the manner of grafting, planting, pruning, and ordering of them in all respects, according to new and easy rules of experience. With divers divine, and humane arguments, of the dignity of fruit-trees, and art of planting. Discovering some errors in the theory, and practise of this art to be avoyded. With the alimentall, and physicall use of fruits. Also concerning planting fruit-trees in the fields, and hedges, without hindrance of any present profits. Of cider, and perry; liquors found by experience, most conducing to health, and long-life. Of vine-yards in England. Herein likewise is laid downe some encouragements, and directions for planting of wood; for building, fuell, and other uses. By which the value of lands may be much improved in a short time, with small cost, and little labour; to the great advantage of the owners, and of the common-wealth. To which may be annexed the second part, viz. The spirituall use of an orchard, or garden: in divers similitudes between naturall and spirituall fruit-trees, according to Scripture, and experience. The second edition; with the addition of many new experiments, and observations.
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AUSTEN, Ralph (d. 1676)
[Treatise of fruit-trees. Part 1]
A treatise of fruit-trees, shewing the manner of grafting, planting, pruning, and ordering of them in all respects, according to new and easy rules of experience. With divers divine, and humane arguments, of the dignity of fruit-trees, and art of planting. Discovering some errors in the theory, and practise of this art to be avoyded. With the alimentall, and physicall use of fruits. Also concerning planting fruit-trees in the fields, and hedges, without hindrance of any present profits. Of cider, and perry; liquors found by experience, most conducing to health, and long-life. Of vine-yards in England. Herein likewise is laid downe some encouragements, and directions for planting of wood; for building, fuell, and other uses. By which the value of lands may be much improved in a short time, with small cost, and little labour; to the great advantage of the owners, and of the common-wealth. To which may be annexed the second part, viz. The spirituall use of an orchard, or garden: in divers similitudes between naturall and spirituall fruit-trees, according to Scripture, and experience. The second edition; with the addition of many new experiments, and observations.
Oxford printed by Henry Hall printer to the University, for Thomas Robinson, 1657.
[24], 140 p., add. engr. t.-pl. ; 18.6 cm. (sm. 4º)

First published in 1653. 'Epistle Dedicatorie' to Samuel Hartlib signed: Ra: Austen, i.e. the Staffordshire-born Oxford nurseryman, horticulturalist and puritan Ralph Austen. The additional engraved title-plate depicting an allegorical walled orchard is signed 'I: Goddard sculp:' with imprint 'Oxford printed for Tho: Robinson 1657', and is reprinted from the first edition with the date altered and 'The second Edition with many additions' added to the base of the wall. For the second edition, the second part on 'The Spirituall Use, Of An Orchard' was expanded to book length and available separately (q.v.), though sometimes found bound with the present work as is the case here. The iconography of the allegorical title (which has 'Profits' shaking hands with 'Pleasures' at the head) is taken up with the themes of Austen's text. This describes the propagation and care of fruit trees, and the benefits which will accrue to the Commonwealth from keeping them. [These] experimental and horticultural discussions ... are dedicated to Hartlib and include extensive commentary on modern books of husbandry'. See J.A. Bennett & S. Mandelbrote, The Garden, the Ark, the Tower, the Temple : biblical metaphors of knowledge in early modern Europe, Oxford, Museum of the History of Science in association with the Bodleian Library, 1999, pp. 50--1; see also James Turner, 'Ralph Austen, an Oxford horticulturalist of the seventeenth century', Garden History 6:2 (1978), pp. 39--45. ESTC r207480; Wing A4239; Goldsmiths' no. 1396.2; Thomason E.915[7].

Copy Notes Bound (1) with the second part, The spirituall use of an orchard, or garden of fruit-trees, 1657 (q.v.). Top corner of front free-endpaper excised to remove an ownership inscription in ink on the verso: ... Book/ 170[lacuna].

Binding C17th calf, blind triple-ruled borders and spine, paper spine-label, spine-title in ink reading 'Gardening'.

Reference Number 466


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