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image SM volume 66/41

Reference number

SM volume 66/41


[13] As built plan of basement floor


Basement Story as Built


bar scale of 1/9 inch to 1 foot


as above, The Duke of Leeds, rooms labelled: Passage (six times), Area (three times), Engine Room, Kitchen, Washouse, Cellar (five times), Beer Cellar, Cistern, Light (skylight) and dimensions given including some vertical dimensions

Signed and dated

  • Lincolns Inn Fields July 1st 1794

Medium and dimensions

Pen, black, sepia and blue washes with quadruple ruled and black wash border on wove paper (700 x 494) on page 41 of volume 66


The plan of the basement shows it divided into three parts that are each separated by an 'area'. Excluding the cellars under the pavement, the front part, washed in black, has four storeys above it. The end part washed in a medium sepia includes the kitchen and the laundry (with a stair) and would have been two-storeyed. With a cistern and a glazed roof it is separated by another 'area' from the middle part indicated by a pale sepia wash. This was presumably one storey high and would have been covered so as to make a paved garden. The house next door, No.20 St James's Square, designed by Robert Adam for Sir Watkins William Wynn in 1771-5 had a paved court with a handsome garden screen.*

*The drawings for a 'screen wall to courtyard at back' are in the Adam collection of the Soane Museum (volume 40, 72 and 73) (together with drawings for the house).



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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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