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image SM 36/2/10

Reference number

SM 36/2/10

Purpose

[4] Design for the first floor of a new Parliament House

Aspect

First floor plan

Scale

bar scale of 5/9 inch to 10 feet

Medium and dimensions

Pen and sepia (brown) wash on wove paper with one fold mark (508 x 706)

Hand

William Kent (1685 - 1748)

Watermark

fleur-de-lis within crowned cartouche / WR = IV

Notes

An earlier design (V&A 3518.1; Salmon, fig. 13.21) had included a new Court of Requests immediately to the north of the curved colonnade, but that has been replaced in this design by a smaller room and an oval-shaped vestibule that acts as one of two 'hubs of circulation on the west side of the building' (along with the matching oval room to the south) (Salmon, p. 335). The House of Commons, a Greek cross shape in plan, has a circular arrangement of seating with the Speaker's chair to the north of the centre. The House of Lords is the rectangular room on enfilade to the south of the building. The large room behind the Old Palace Yard colonnade, 70 feet square, has no identified purpose. To the east, between two rectangular halls with columned screens, is a basilical room with apses to the north and south. This is the Cottonian Library (see drawings [6-9]).

(Salmon, p. 335)

Level

Drawing

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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