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image SM Adam volume 33/43

Reference number

SM Adam volume 33/43


[23] Preliminary design for a rectangular house, 1771, unexecuted


Elevation of a three-storey, crenellated house, with a the central three bays containing a central arched door in the ground storey, surmounted by a two-storey, five-bay circular tower, and this is surmounted by a single-storey, three-bay circular tower, and the central bays are flanked by three-and-a-half-storey, three-bay canted towers. Beyond this central portion are links of four bays to either side of a central projecting portion, on the right-hand side this projecting portion contains a tripartite window on each storey, and has a pepper-pot turret at each top corner, and on the left-hand side the projecting portion is three bays wide, with a central arched window on the ground storey, flanked by projecting square towers, each of which is surmounted by a small conical turret. Beyond the links are wings, and on the right-hand side the wing is composed of a central five-bay bow, flanked by four-storey, three-bay circular towers, and on the left-hand side the wing is composed of three bays flanked by four-storey, three-bay canted towers, with conical roofs


to a rough scale


Lowther Hall the Seat of Sir James Lowther, afterwards / Earl of Lonsdale (all in the hand of William Adam and underwritten in pencil) / Front for Lowther Hall (on a small separate sheet of paper affixed to the drawing) / No. 21. / Sir James has a Copy in Pencil only / (and in pencil) Tower / Tower / Tower / Tower / Tower / Tower / Tower / Tower / Tower / Tower (verso) Lowther Castle / 5 Ground Plans 1 Elevation / with a Ground Plan & 1 Elevation for the Dairy (all on a small separate sheet affixed to the verso of the drawing)

Signed and dated

  • 1771
    Janry 26t.1771.

Medium and dimensions

Pen and pencil on laid paper (545 x 267)


Robert Adam, with title inscription in the hand of William Adam


Bolton, 1922, Volume II, Index p. 21
King, 2001, Volume II, p. 163
For a full list of literature references see scheme notes.



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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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