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image SM 71/2/85

Reference number

SM 71/2/85


Design for the Royal Entrance, Scala Regia and Royal Galleries, 9 December 1822


Plan of the offices between Old Palace Yard and the Painted Chamber


bar scale of 1/6 inch to 1 foot

Signed and dated

  • 9 December 1822
    9th Decr 1822

Medium and dimensions

Pen, pink, sepia and blue washes, pricked for transfer with multi-ruled sepia and black wash border on wove paper (936 x 654)


Charles Edward Papendiek (1801 - 1835)
Pupil January 1818 - March 1824.


J Whatman 1821


SM 71/2/85 shows Soane's additions of a Royal Entrance, Scala Regia and two Royal Galleries which form the final part of a ceremonial processional route for the King. To the left (north) of the Royal Entrance, Soane's design now includes alterations to the Peers' Entrance. Dotted lines show the design of the cross vaulting in the arcade and fan vaulting in the vestibule of the Royal Entrance. Pencil lines, perhaps drawn by Soane, show him considering an extension to the porte-cochère. Whereas in an earlier design (SM 71/2/82) the vestibule at the base of the Scala Regia has fan vaulting, here it is given a starfish vault as in others of Soane's public works - the State Dining Room at 10 Downing Street and the Privy Council Chamber. This ceiling is incorporated into an existing vestibule, as is the previous, top-lit vestibule. The Scala Regia leads up to two Royal Galleries. In a previous design (SM 71/2/84) these had been incorporated into existing parts of the building, but here they are shown to a completely new design. By rebuilding this part anew, Soane was able to create an enfilade with the Scala Regia. A smaller, square gallery gives on to a longer, top-lit gallery with columns and apses on either side of the room. The far entrance is narrowed and centred on the enfilade. The Royal Gallery - including the Painted Chamber at the top left corner of this drawing - was intended to form a 'National Monument' with sculpture, reliefs and paintings conveying a sense of British valour. The King would pass through these galleries before arriving in the Robing Room to the west of the Painted Chamber on his way to the House of Lords for the annual State Opening of Parliament.



Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).