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image SM Adam volume 33/71

Reference number

SM Adam volume 33/71

Purpose

[3] Finished drawing giving an elevation showing additions to the house, 1776, unexecuted

Aspect

Principal and garden front elevations of a crenellated house. The principal front has a three-storey central block, with a central portion containing a central arched door, flanked by arched windows, all within relieving arches, and surmounted by arched windows on the first floor, and the central window is articulated by paired terms supporting a relieving arch, and these central three bays are flanked by two-bay circular towers, and further bays containing tripartite windows on each storey, with Venetian windows on the ground and first storeys, and the ground storey window within a relieving arch, and beyond are further two-bay circular towers. The central block is flanked by two-storey, two-bay links, with arched windows in the ground storey, and oculus windows in the first storey, and these links connect to the first of a set of two wings. The first wing has three bays of two storeys, with a central projecting Venetian window-shaped door within a relieving arch, and flanked by single-bay circular towers with slit windows, and this is surmounted by an arched door leading onto the roof space of the projecting door below, and this is flanked by two-and-a-half-storey, single-bay circular towers, with oculus windows in the upper register. The second wing has a two-storey, five-bay central block, with arched windows in the ground storey, and oculus windows in the first storey, and this is flanked by two-and-a-half-storey, single-bay circular towers, with oculus windows in the upper register. The garden front has a three-storey central block, with a central three-bay bow, with tripartite windows in each storey, with Venetian windows in the ground and first storeys, and those on the ground storey are within relieving arches, and the bays are articulated by square towers with slit windows, and the bow is flanked by two recessed bays, with arched windows in the ground and first storeys, and a projecting bay with a Venetian window within a relieving arch on the ground storey, and an arched window in the first storey, and flanked by circular towers with slit windows. The central block is flanked by two-storey, three-bay links, with arched windows in the ground storey, and oculus windows in the first storey, and these links connect to the first of a pair of wings. The first window is composed of a two-storey, three-bay central block, with arched windows behind a colonnade on the ground storey, and windows behind an arcade on the first storey, and with a pitched roof with an oculus window in the cable, and the central block of the wing is flanked by two-and-a-half-storey, single-bay towers, with oculus windows in the upper register, and beyond are two-storey, five-bay wings, with arched windows on the ground storey, and oculus windows on the first storey, and this wing is terminated with a two-and-a-half-storey, singe-bay circular tower, with an oculus window in the upper register

Scale

bar scale of 3/5 inch to 10 feet

Inscribed

Knowsley Castle The Seat of The Right Honble / The Earl of Derby (in the hand of William Adam and underwritten in pencil) (verso) Knowsley Castle the Earl of Derby (on a small separate sheet affixed

Signed and dated

datable to 1776

Medium and dimensions

Pen, pencil and wash on laid paper (786 x 591)

Hand

Adam office hand, possibly Joseph Bonomi, with title inscription in the hand of William Adam

Watermark

PVL

Literature

Bolton, 1922, Volume II, Index p. 20
King, 2001, Volume II, p. 163
For a full list of literature references see scheme notes.

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

If you have any further information about this object, please contact us: drawings@soane.org.uk

Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).