Sir John Griffin Griffin (formerly John Griffin Whitewell) (1719-97), was an MP for Andover (Whig) in 1749-84, and an army officer. He served in the War of Austrian Succession, and the Seven Years War, eventually rising to the rank of General in 1778, and Field Marshal in 1796, and was installed as Knight of the Bath for his military service. In 1784 he established a claim to the Barony of Howard de Walden through his maternal grandmother, and became the 4th Baron. Later, in 1788, he was also created 1st Baron Braybrooke. Sir John married twice, first Anna Maria (d1764), daughter of John, Baron Schutz in the Holy Roman Empire, and in 1765 he married Catherine (d1807), daughter of William Clayton of Harleyford. Despite this he died without an heir and his titles went into abeyance.
Sir John Griffin Griffin inherited Audley End from his aunt, the Countess of Portsmouth, in 1762, and immediately commissioned Lancelot ‘Capability’ Brown to landscape the park, and Robert Adam to create new reception rooms on the ground floor of the south wing in 1763-65, including decorative paintings by Biagio Rebecca, as well as a two-storey L-shaped domestic office, a three-arched bridge in 1764, the Temple of Victory in 1772, and the Palladian bridge and tea house in 1782-83. Although Adam made the designs for Audley End, many of which were executed, he was not the executant architect. Sir John died without any children, and Audley End passed to his cousin, Richard Neville. His son, the third Baron Braybrooke recast much of the interior in the Jacobean taste from 1825, and restored the house with the reception rooms on the first floor, to designs by Henry Harrison (c1720-1802). During World War II the house accomodated the Special Operations Executive, and in 1948 it was sold to the Ministry of Works (later English Heritage) who have restored many of the Adam interiors.
There is a collection of Adam drawings for Audley End in the Essex Record Office, along with the accounts and day books.
See also: Audley End, Saffron Walden, Essex; Saville Row, number 10
A.T. Bolton, The architecture of Robert and James Adam, 1922, Volume II, Index pp. 2, 73; E. Harris, The furniture of Robert Adam, 1963, Index p. 48; D. Stillman, The decorative work of Robert Adam, 1966, pp. 81, 98; D. Yarwood, Robert Adam, 1970, pp. 160, 189-90; G. Beard, The work of Robert Adam, 1978, pp. 25, 59; P.J. Drury, 'No other palace in the Kingdom will compare with it: the evolution of Audley End, 1605-1745', Architectural History, 1980, pp. 1-39; R. Chamberlin, and R. Gray, Audley End, 1986, pp. 1-23; J. Cornforth, 'Audley End, Essex - I-II', Country Life, 27 December 1990 and 3 January 1991, p. 30; English Heritage Review, 1997, p. 53; G. Hughes, 'A new display on Robert Adam's work at Audley End House', English Heritage Review, 1999, pp. 88-91; D. King, The complete works of Robert & James Adam and unbuilt Adam, 2001, Volume I, pp. 162, 198-99, 322-323, 386, Volume II, p. 265; J. Bettley, and N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Essex, 2007, 95-105; E. Harris, The country houses of Robert Adam: from the archives of Country Life, 2007, pp. 181-83; J. Brooke, 'Griffin, John Griffin (1719-97), of Audley End, Essex', The history of Parliament online
Frances Sands, 2012
Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.
Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).
Contents of Audley End, Saffron Walden, Essex: designs for the house and park for Sir John Griffin Griffin Bt (later 4th Lord Howard de Walden), 1763-85 (18)
- House: designs for the library, little drawing room, great parlour, great drawing room, and a dressing room
- Park: designs for a bridge, the Temple of Victory, and a sundial