On the death of Sir John Schaw, 3rd Baronet, in 1752, the Schaw estate at Sauchie passed to his grandson, the 9th Lord Cathcart. Marion Schaw was Sir John’s only child, and she had married the 8th Lord Cathcart in 1718. Charles Schaw Cathcart (1721-76) was the third, but eldest surviving son of Charles Cathcart, 8th Lord Cathcart. He succeeded his father as 9th Lord Cathcart in 1740, and like his father before him, was an army officer, attaining the rank of lieutenant-general in 1760. He served as aide-de-camp to William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland in 1740-48, during the War of the Austrian Succession, and lost an eye at the Battle of Fontenoy in 1745. This important royal connection brought Cathcart a number of public offices, which were welcome as they alleviated his unstable personal fortune. Cathcart was a representative peer of Scotland in 1752-66; he was High Commissioner of the general assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1755-63 and 1773-76; he became a Knight of the Thistle in 1763; he served as Scotland’s first lord commissioner of police in 1764-68; and was rector of Glasgow University in 1773-75. Perhaps his most prominent appointment was when he served as Ambassador to the court of Catherine the Great at St Petersburg in 1768-72. While Cathcart was an ineffective diplomat, he and Lady Cathcart (Jean Hamilton (1726-71), daughter of Lord Archibald Hamilton) did become friendly with Catherine the Great. It was through Lady Cathcart, and her brother Sir William Hamilton, that Catherine the Great became an enthusiastic patron of Joseph Wedgwood.
On his return from Russia, Cathcart clearly felt that improvements were needed at Schaw Park, the principal seat at Sauchie. In 1775, Robert Adam was commissioned to make designs for enlargements and alterations to the house, as well as for a family mausoleum in the park, and for a set of decorative coach panels. None of Adam’s designs were executed, presumably owing to financial considerations. The estate at Sauchie was sold by Cathcart’s son, the 10th Lord Cathcart in 1799, to his brother-in-law, the 2nd Earl of Mansfield. It was sold again by the 6th Earl of Mansfield in 1826, and Schaw Park was eventually demolished in 1961.
A.T. Bolton, The architecture of Robert and James Adam, 1922, Volume II, Index pp. 27, 65; S. Astley, Robert Adam’s castles, 2000, p. 33; D. King, The complete works of Robert & James Adam and unbuilt Adam, 2001, Volume II, pp. 161, 183, 225; ‘Cathcart, Charles Schaw, ninth Lord Cathcart (1721-1776)’, Oxford dictionary of national biography online
Frances Sands, 2014
Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.
Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).
Contents of Schaw Park, Sauchie, Clackmannanshire: unexecuted designs for a house, mausoleum and carriage panels for Charles Schaw Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart, 1775-76 (16)
- Preliminary designs, designs and a finished drawing for the first scheme for the house, 1775, unexecuted (7)
- Design for an unknown room, 1775, unexecuted (1)
- Designs for the second scheme for the house, 1776, unexecuted (3)
- Designs for a mausoleum, 1776, unexecuted (2)
- Preliminary design and designs for coach panels, c1775-76, unexecuted (3)