The origins of Hampton House are unknown, but it has been suggested that parts of the fabric date from the seventeenth century. Robert Adam was commissioned to undertake work on Hampton House in 1774. It is known that he made alternations to both the fabric and the interior decoration, although the surviving drawings are limited. He did reface the building with Liardet’s composition stucco, and he transformed the portico on the principal (south) front into the Spalatro order, with lotus capitals. The extant plan and elevation of the house at Sir John Soane’s Museum shows the addition of offices to the left-hand side of the house. This was not executed, and instead a block was added in this location during the nineteenth century. Although Adam’s alterations to the house survive, his refacing in Liardet’s composition was – characteristically – found to be faulty, and was replaced by Eva Maria following Garrick’s death, with the extant brickwork.
Following Eva Maria Garrick’s death in 1822, both Hampton House, and the house on the Adelphi were purchased by Thomas Carr, Eva’s solicitor, who made repairs and alterations to Hampton during the nineteenth century. In 1902 it was bought by the London United Tramways in order to widen the tramway, and provide accommodation for the managing director. In the 1920s it was purchased by the Richmond-upon-Thames district council, and was then sold back into private ownership in the 1970s and is now divided into flats.
See also: Drury Lane Theatre, London; The Adelphi, London; Hendon Hall, Middlesex.
A.T. Bolton, The architecture of Robert and James Adam, 1922, Volume I, pp. 29-31, Volume II, Index pp. 16, 72; Survey of London, Volume XXXV, 1970, pp. 9-70; D. King, The complete works of Robert & James Adam and unbuilt Adam, 2001, Volume I, pp. 179, 207-212, Volume II, pp. 121, 183, 219, 247, 258; J. Ingamells, A dictionary of British and Irish travellers in Italy: 1701-1800, 1997, p. 391; H.R. Smith, The story of Garrick and his life at Hampton, 1998, pp. 1-13; ‘Garrick, David (1717-1779)’, Oxford dictionary of national biography online; ‘Garrick’s House, Hampton Court Road, Richmond’, British listed buildings online
Frances Sands, 2014
Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.
Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).
Contents of Hampton House (later Garrick’s villa), Hampton Court Road, Richmond: designs for alterations to the house and garden buildings for David Garrick, 1774-77 (7)
- Designs for alterations to the house, 1774-75, partly as executed (2)
- Preliminary design and design for a doorway in the garden wall, 1774, unexecuted (2)
- Finished drawing for a greenhouse, c1774-77, unexecuted (1)
- Preliminary design for a garden seat, c1774-77, unexecuted (1)
- Preliminary design for a rustic cottage, 1777, unexecuted (1)