In 1760 Calcraft purchased the estate of Ingress, including Ingress Abbey, from Lord Bessborough. Five years later, presumably owing to his connection with Shelburne (Adam's patron at Bowood and Lansdowne House), Calcraft commissioned Robert Adam to make designs for alterations to the house, including some interior decoration. None of Adam’s designs were executed. Instead Calcraft employed Sir William Chambers (1722-96) in c1770-72, who built a Doric temple. Chambers' temple was re-erected at Cobham Hall, Kent in 1820.
Calcraft was living at Ingress with a former actress, Mrs Elizabeth Bride, at the time of his death. The eldest of their five illegitimate children, also John Calcraft, inherited the estate. A new Tudor-style house was built at Ingress for James Harmer in 1832-34 to designs by Charles Moring (c1810-85). This house, long derelict, now forms the centrepiece of a large housing estate.
E. Fitzmaurice, Life of William, Earl of Shelburne, afterwards first Marquess of Lansdowne, 1912, p. 150; A.T. Bolton, The architecture of Robert and James Adam, 1922, Volume II, Index pp. 18, 64; N. Pevsner, and J. Newman, The buildings of England: West Kent and the Weald, 1976, pp. 308-9; D. King, The complete works of Robert & James Adam and unbuilt Adam, 2001, Volume II, p. 121; Yale Edition, Horace Walpole's correspondence, 2011, Volume 32, p. 38; 'Calcraft, John (1726-72), of Rempstone, Dorset and Ingress, Kent', History of Parliament online, 2012
Frances Sands, 2012
Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.
Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).
Contents of Ingress Abbey, Dartford, Kent: unexecuted designs for remodelling the house, for John Calcraft, 1765 (4)
- Finished drawings for a house, 1765, unexecuted (3)
- Design for the ceiling for the dining room, 1765, unexecuted (1)