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image SM (2) 51/6/17

Reference number

SM (2) 51/6/17

Purpose

[2] Survey drawing, after 1800

Aspect

2 Ground floor plan with part of the House of Commons and lobby, the Long Gallery, part of the House of Lords and of the Painted Chamber and in the top centre, the house of the Clerk of the Commons

Scale

scale of 1¼ inches to 10 feet

Inscribed

labelled: House of Lords, Lobby, 17 Risers / 6" each each, Long Gallery, Closet (5 times), House of Commons, Engrossing / 4 Clerks / Office, Cotton Garden (twice), Painted Chamber, Office / 3 Clerks, 4 / Clerk, Solomons Porch, Roof / over / Kitchen, Principal Clerk of the / House of Commons, Garden in front of the Thames and dimensions given

Medium and dimensions

Pen, sepia, pink, green and blue washes, pricked for transfer on laid paper (662 x 472)

Hand

Soane office

Notes

A comparison with the plan of Westminster Palace in 1793 published in King's Works, VI, fig.19, shows that the large chamber labelled Court of Requests is described as House of Lords in drawing 2. This reflects the move caused by the Act of Union with Ireland (effective from 1 January 1801) that brought in many new peers. The move was intended to be a temporary one but lasted until the great fire of 1834.
The dark and lighter sepia washes define the older and more recent parts of Westminster Palace. The pale green wash indicates the House of Commons and its related offices and the pink wash the House of Lords and Painted Gallery.

Level

Drawing

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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