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image Image 1 for SM (17) 91/3/7 (18) 56/2/15A (19) 56/2/2 (20) 56/2/15 (21) 56/2/7
image Image 2 for SM (17) 91/3/7 (18) 56/2/15A (19) 56/2/2 (20) 56/2/15 (21) 56/2/7
image Image 3 for SM (17) 91/3/7 (18) 56/2/15A (19) 56/2/2 (20) 56/2/15 (21) 56/2/7
image Image 4 for SM (17) 91/3/7 (18) 56/2/15A (19) 56/2/2 (20) 56/2/15 (21) 56/2/7
image Image 5 for SM (17) 91/3/7 (18) 56/2/15A (19) 56/2/2 (20) 56/2/15 (21) 56/2/7
  • image Image 1 for SM (17) 91/3/7 (18) 56/2/15A (19) 56/2/2 (20) 56/2/15 (21) 56/2/7
  • image Image 2 for SM (17) 91/3/7 (18) 56/2/15A (19) 56/2/2 (20) 56/2/15 (21) 56/2/7
  • image Image 3 for SM (17) 91/3/7 (18) 56/2/15A (19) 56/2/2 (20) 56/2/15 (21) 56/2/7
  • image Image 4 for SM (17) 91/3/7 (18) 56/2/15A (19) 56/2/2 (20) 56/2/15 (21) 56/2/7
  • image Image 5 for SM (17) 91/3/7 (18) 56/2/15A (19) 56/2/2 (20) 56/2/15 (21) 56/2/7

Reference number

SM (17) 91/3/7 (18) 56/2/15A (19) 56/2/2 (20) 56/2/15 (21) 56/2/7

Purpose

Designs and working drawings for the first phase of alterations, September 1826 (5)

Aspect

17 Section through Centre of Segments in Centre Ceiling 18 Part plan and rough section through banking hall 19 Plan and section through banking hall with rough detail of capital of pilaster 20 Unfinished ceiling plan 21 Front elevation with plan of façade

Scale

(17) full size (18, 21) bar scales of 3/8 inch to 1 foot (19) bar scale of ¼ inch to 1 foot (20) bar scale of 5/8 inch to 1 foot

Inscribed

17 as above, (brown pen) Marked D, This Drawing to be taken Care of and Returned, BB / Manchester, labelled: Wall Line (twice), Spike Nail Driven in / Wall to Support Ca^ntilever, (pencil) Cornice ----- (illegible), Style (4 times), Face of Pannel, The Dark Line shews the Run Work, Ceiling Line (twice), (brown pen) D (twice) 18 labelled (plan): A (twice), B (twice), E (twice), the line E E 1 inch ½ before the / Chimney brest, Center [sic] / line, Groin Ceiling / as before setled (sic), AA equal, BB equal, (Soane) J. S. / Bath 6th Sept 1826 / For Mr T. Hunt; (elevation): A (twice), C (twice), D (twice), CC Equal, DD equal, 10.2 height of Column, 11.9, Bragget (?bracket) screen suspect AA / to finish from floor / Line 10 ft 2 in height / of Iron Columns, and some dimensions given 19 Soffitte, Cap, Cap moulding to pilaster AA / full size / BB to have no pilaster / but framing to run through / and stop against / arch ----- (illegible) of windows / and doors as dotted line / CC / the suffiats [sic] BB and AA / to be furnish with / a ------ (illegible) as Scetch, ------ (illegible) moulding to pilasters / AA as go in ------ (illegible) proper, Closet, Q if Columns are put at DD / can the drawers be used to the counter / as your scetch I should like / to know from you if you think / the Beams AA are sufficient to / carry the Building with out the Columns / pray let me know as soon as / you can or if there is sufficient / Room from Counters to Column / to draw out the drawers // Say which hand you want / the Mortice Lock for for / the front door, A (twice), B (4 times), C (8 times), D (twice); (verso): Mr Heath Cleark (sic) of Work / No 35 King Street / Manchester / In favour of Mr Estatt 20 labelled: a (twice), B (4 times), C (3 times), (pencil) Ceiling Line, A (twice), B (twice); (verso): Manchester 21 (Walter L. Spiers, 1848-1917, curator 1904-17) J / 21 Sheets, labelled: (Thomas Heath) No 34 / Front Door / to ajoining (sic) / House, No 35, line of paving of Street, No 36 / Front Door / to ajoining / House, (in another hand) floor line (twice), a drawing / for this door / way is / sent full / size, x frieze brot forward / to within one Inch / of the face of the / architrave / Bath, B, When these Steps are / taken away can line the same / work as B, Steps flush with door, Steps executed / as this, and some dimensions given

Signed and dated

  • (17) Sept 5 1826 (18) as above, 'J. S. / Bath 6th Sept 1826' (21) (Soane) 6 Septr / 1826

Medium and dimensions

(17) Pen and sepia wash, pricked for transfer on two sheets of wove paper, affixed, with two fold marks (286 x 1380) (18) pen, red pen, sepia and pink washes, pricked for transfer on wove paper with three fold marks (345 x 580) (19) pen, sepia and pink washes, pricked for transfer on wove paper with five fold marks (570 x 685) (20) pen, pricked for transfer on wove paper with three fold marks (495 x 750) (21) pen, pencil, sepia and blue washes, pricked for transfer on wove paper with three fold marks (570 x 690)

Hand

(17, 19, 20) Soane office (18) local surveyor (21) Thomas Heath, clerk of works

Watermark

(20) Smith & Allnutt 1823 (21) T H & Co 1823

Notes

Drawings 17-20 show Soane’s design for the ceiling of the banking hall. An earlier perspective (drawing 13) has a plain ceiling supported by four iron columns. Alterations to the ceiling are penciled-in on drawing 12. Drawing 17 shows a ceiling section that includes volute brackets with acanthus leaf and rosette ornaments. Drawing 20 shows a ceiling spanning the entire banking hall divided into three rectangular compartments. The central compartment has four segments defined by roll mouldings each containing a winged staff entwined by a serpent (that is, caduceus). The other compartments take the form of a starfish ceiling ornamented with palmettes, fluting, acanthus leaves and waterleaf borders.
Before alteration, the banking hall area was occupied by three rooms (drawings 3 and 4). Soane converted these three rooms at the front of the house into one large hall, unified under a newly-decorated and vaulted ceiling. The ceiling is surprisingly elaborate; the central compartment is flat, but it is highly decorated with brackets, moulding and motifs. The caduceus is an attribute of Mercury, in Roman mythology the protector of merchants and traders, and thus a symbol frequently associated with commerce. Soane used the caduceus motif several times at the Bank of England on, for example, the pendentives of the Rotunda Vestibule, the Tivoli Corner, the Bullion Arch and the screen walls on Princes Street and Lothbury Street (all of which are catalogued under the Bank of England scheme, q.v.). The 'starfish vault' (so-called by Sir John Summerson despite having only four ‘arms’) was used by Soane on numerous occasions, notably at Pitzhanger Manor and in his own breakfast room at No. 12 Lincoln's Inn Fields. This, however, is perhaps the only example of two such starfish ceilings within the same space.
Drawing 21 shows the house - three-storeys with basement, five bays, the central bay projecting, and with a broken-based pediment over the entrance - before alteration.

Level

Drawing

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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