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image SM 32/2/11

Reference number

SM 32/2/11


[18] Design for the Guard Room in Cleveland Row


Plan of the Ground Floor and Plan of the First Floor


bar scale of 1/12 inch to 1 foot


as above and dimensions given

Medium and dimensions

Pen, sepia and black washes with triple ruled and sepia wash border on laid paper (417 x 549)


Soane Office
Same office hand as drawings [9]-[10] and [13]-[15].


J Buttanshaw, fleur-de-lis above cartouche with bar and below, GR


This undated drawing is by the same office hand and has the same format as drawings [9] and [10] which are dated December 1792. A plan of St James's Palace in 1793 (J. Mordaunt Crook and M. H. Port, op. cit. above) shows Cleveland Row on the north-west edge of St James's Palace and does not correspond with the plans catalogued here. Presumably extra accommodation was needed but whether Soane's design was carrried out or not Cleveland Row (with a great many other buildings, including the semi-elliptical guard house) was destroyed by fire in 1809. (JL)


J. Mordaunt Crook and M.H.Port, History of the Kings Works, VI, 1973, p. 363 (plan of St James's Palace in 1793), p. 365 (plan of 'St James's Palace, showing the portions destroyed by fire in 1809')



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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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