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image Image 1 for SM (11) 62/8/17 (12) 62/8/18
image Image 2 for SM (11) 62/8/17 (12) 62/8/18
image Image 3 for SM (11) 62/8/17 (12) 62/8/18
image Image 4 for SM (11) 62/8/17 (12) 62/8/18
  • image Image 1 for SM (11) 62/8/17 (12) 62/8/18
  • image Image 2 for SM (11) 62/8/17 (12) 62/8/18
  • image Image 3 for SM (11) 62/8/17 (12) 62/8/18
  • image Image 4 for SM (11) 62/8/17 (12) 62/8/18

Reference number

SM (11) 62/8/17 (12) 62/8/18

Purpose

Designs for lodges, one dated 23 April 1791 (2)

Aspect

11 Elevation of Lodge and Plan of Lodge 12 Plan and elevation for a larger Lodge for M.H.Beach Esqre and with the pediment drawn (pencil) steeper by Soane, (feint pencil) No2 ,(partly erased pencil, several indecipherable words and) The Village

Scale

(11-12) bar scale of ¼ inch to 1 foot

Inscribed

11 as above, M:Hicks Beach Esqre, To be built with rough cast & flint / & to be covered with Thatch, plan labelled: Kitchen, Pantry & Cellar, Bed Room, Porch and Privy and (pencil) A Copy of this sent to Mr / Ellis May: 9 1791 (verso) M. Hicks Beach Esqre / Netheravon House / Amesbury // April 23:1791 / A Single Sheet of Paper, (added) 5 and (stamped) P 23 within a circle
12 as above, plan labelled: Fuel, Bedroom, Keeping Room with (pencil, Soane) Oven, Copper, door (pen) Wash House (cancelled by Soane and in pencil, Buttery), Buttery (cancelled by Soaneand in pencil) Shop

Signed and dated

11 Great Scotland Yard / April 23d: 1791

Medium and dimensions

(11) Pen, sepia and raw sienna washes with double ruled and black wash border, pricked for transfer, on laid paper with four fold marks (folded for posting, cut away ? to remove sealing wax on right-hand side) (455 x 280) (12) pen, sepia, naples yellow and pale blue washes with double-ruled border on laid paper (484 x 378)

Hand

(11) ? Thomas Chawner (1774-171851, pupil 1799-1794) (12) Soane office, Soane amendments

Watermark

(11) J Whatman (12) Curtis & Sons, crowned cartouche with fleur-de-lis and C & S below

Notes

Drawing 11 is for a lodge 16 by 18 feet with 12-inch-thick thick walls (as drawn) and a thatched, pyramidal roof with a central chimney. The dimensions are not generous: kitchen 14 x 9.6, pantry and celllar 5 x 5.9 and bedroom 8 x 5.9, the roof space would have been used for ad hoc storage or sleeping. Drawing 12 is for perhaps a double lodge about 44 feet wide by 15 feet. 'Keeping room' is an unusual term (O.E.D. local and U.S. 1790) living room ... [or] parlour) while 'Buttery' (a store-room for provisions) and 'Shop' suggest an additional function perhaps related to 'The Village'.
An earlier drawing has a note '2 lodges one with flints' and both of these designs employ flints, though the smaller lodge has 'rough cast' for the porch and privy. Flint was locally available and perhaps Higgs Beach requested it. Both lodges have thatched roofs. The lodge designs differ from Soane's earliest executed example in a primitive, rustic style - the dairy at Hamels Park, 1783 (q.v.) - a Doric temple with tree-trunk columns. Here a striking element (drawing 11) is the segmental-headed, rusticated arch to the window and the emphatic plinth and platband. The larger lodge (drawing 12) has a rusticated segmental 'pediment' over the door whose heavy lintel is repeated over the single-mullioned, lattice-windows on either side. The impression is grimly austere.

The reference (drawing 11) 'A Copy of this sent to Mr / Ellis May: 9 1791' relates to another of Soane's clients. A 'Mr Ellis' of Wydiall House near Buntingford, Hertfordshire who had asked Soane for designs for cottages. (P. Dean, Sir John Soane and the country estate, 1999, p.183).

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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