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Reference number

SM (9) P404 (10) P403 (11) P402

Purpose

Variant designs exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1810 (with another drawing) (3)

Aspect

9 View of the Opera House Proposed to be built on the Site of Leicester House and Garden Design No I 10 Desion No II (sic) 11 View of the New Theatre Royal Covent Garden built in 1809 by Robert Smirke (1780-1867)

Inscribed

9-11 as above

Signed and dated

dateable to 1810

Medium and dimensions

(9) Pen, sepia and raw Sienna washes, shaded on ? wove paper (204 x 482) (10) pen, sepia and raw Sienna washes, shaded on wove paper (100 x 166) (11) pen and sepia wash, shaded on wove paper (image is 63 x 151)

Hand

Robert Dennis Chantrell (1793-1872, pupil 1807-1814)

Notes

The larger of the two designs shows the opera house having a hexastyle portico between pavilions on the front elevation, and giant Corinthian colonnades on the sides.
The second design has the same form but is articulated by a series of arches with an arcade with loggia above and arched windows to the pavilions. Two drawings were exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1810, under the title: 'Design for the Opera House proposed to be built on the site of Leicester House garden' (cat. 710 and 716). A further drawing '[Design for] the Opera house, etc' (cat. 832) was exhibited by Soane at the Royal Academy in the same year (A.Graves, The Royal Academy of Arts: a complete dictionary of contributors and thier worsk, from its foundati9on in 1769 to 1904, 1905, volume 4, p.201).

It is possible that only 'Design No.I' catalogued here was exhibited at the Royal Academy while 'Design No.II' is probably a reduced copy that has been mounted together with a view of Robert Smirke's theatre - of which Soane disapproved. This last was drawn on the top left-hand side of a sheet of wove paper measuring 215 x 707. Below this, Soane's design 'No.II' is stuck over a previous drawing that had upper and lower scrolled edges. The large drawing for the opera house is stuck on to the sheet and outlined with a broad black wash or ink border as are the two drawings to the left. The three drawings in one frame were made by a pupil (Robert Chantrell) and have been hung in various of Soane's rooms (including the Model Room). Recent, temporary de-framing shows that Chantrell (if it was he) used unrelated, discarded Soane office drawings (one dated 14 December 1810) as 'packing' material.

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).