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image Image 1 for SM (36) volume 66/57 (37) volume 66/58 (38) volume 66/59 (39) volume 66/60 (40) volume 66/61 (41) volume 66/62 (42) volume 66/63
image Image 2 for SM (36) volume 66/57 (37) volume 66/58 (38) volume 66/59 (39) volume 66/60 (40) volume 66/61 (41) volume 66/62 (42) volume 66/63
image Image 3 for SM (36) volume 66/57 (37) volume 66/58 (38) volume 66/59 (39) volume 66/60 (40) volume 66/61 (41) volume 66/62 (42) volume 66/63
image Image 4 for SM (36) volume 66/57 (37) volume 66/58 (38) volume 66/59 (39) volume 66/60 (40) volume 66/61 (41) volume 66/62 (42) volume 66/63
image Image 5 for SM (36) volume 66/57 (37) volume 66/58 (38) volume 66/59 (39) volume 66/60 (40) volume 66/61 (41) volume 66/62 (42) volume 66/63
image Image 6 for SM (36) volume 66/57 (37) volume 66/58 (38) volume 66/59 (39) volume 66/60 (40) volume 66/61 (41) volume 66/62 (42) volume 66/63
  • image Image 1 for SM (36) volume 66/57 (37) volume 66/58 (38) volume 66/59 (39) volume 66/60 (40) volume 66/61 (41) volume 66/62 (42) volume 66/63
  • image Image 2 for SM (36) volume 66/57 (37) volume 66/58 (38) volume 66/59 (39) volume 66/60 (40) volume 66/61 (41) volume 66/62 (42) volume 66/63
  • image Image 3 for SM (36) volume 66/57 (37) volume 66/58 (38) volume 66/59 (39) volume 66/60 (40) volume 66/61 (41) volume 66/62 (42) volume 66/63
  • image Image 4 for SM (36) volume 66/57 (37) volume 66/58 (38) volume 66/59 (39) volume 66/60 (40) volume 66/61 (41) volume 66/62 (42) volume 66/63
  • image Image 5 for SM (36) volume 66/57 (37) volume 66/58 (38) volume 66/59 (39) volume 66/60 (40) volume 66/61 (41) volume 66/62 (42) volume 66/63
  • image Image 6 for SM (36) volume 66/57 (37) volume 66/58 (38) volume 66/59 (39) volume 66/60 (40) volume 66/61 (41) volume 66/62 (42) volume 66/63

Reference number

SM (36) volume 66/57 (37) volume 66/58 (38) volume 66/59 (39) volume 66/60 (40) volume 66/61 (41) volume 66/62 (42) volume 66/63

Purpose

Record drawings of the final design, as executed (5)

Aspect

36 Basement floor plan, including the offices 37 Plan of the Basement Floor; (verso, pencil) Mr Scott: Plans, Mr Praed's Plans, Villa (?)Stables, Sections of Cambridge 38 Plan of the Hall Floor 39 Plan of the Principal Floor 40 Plan of the Attic Floor 41 Front elevation 42 Longitudinal section of the principal staircase

Scale

(36) to a scale (37-40) bar scale of 2/13 inch to 1 foot (41) bar scale of 1/8 inch to 1 foot (42) to a scale

Inscribed

36 (upper case) Cellar (six times), Area (twice), Butler's Room, Passage, Housekeeper's Room, Store Room, Sub Hall, Cold Bath, Warm / Bath, Passage / to / the offices, The Servants Hall, The Washouse, Area, The Landry (sic), The Kitchen, Court and dimensions given 37 (upper case) as above, The Marquiss of Buckingham, Area (twice), Butler's Room, Passage, Housekeeper's Room, Store Room, Sub Hall, Cold Bath, Warm / Bath, Passage to / Offices, Servants Hall, dimensions given, (pencil) 1790 38 (upper case) as above, The Marquiss of Buckingham, The Area (twice), The Portico, The Hall, Porter's / Bed, Lord Temple's Room, The Drawing Room, Dressing / Room, Wardrobe, Lobby, Lobby, Water / Closet, Evidence / Room, Lobby, The Library, Lord's / Dressing Room, The Eating Room, Butler's Closet, and dimensions given 39 (upper case) as above, The Marquiss of Buckingham, Balcony, Anti-room, Drawing Room Drawing Room, Corridor, Lord and Lady's / Chamber, Lady's Dressing / Room, Drawing Room, Sink and dimensions given 40 (upper case) as above, The Marquiss of Buckingham, Passage (twice), Nursery Apartment (twice), Chamber (six times), Dressing Room, Sink, and dimensions given 42 (pencil) Buckingham House Pallmall / Section through staircase 1794

Medium and dimensions

(36-40) Pencil, pen and black, grey and blue washes, within quadruple-ruled pink and black wash border on wove paper (495 x 702, 495 x 702, 495 x 702, 495 x 702, 495 x 702) (41) pencil, pen and wash on laid paper (495 x 702) (42) pencil, pen and pink, grey and sepia washes, within quadruple-uled black wash border on wove paper (495 x 702)

Hand

Soane office

Watermark

(41) J Whatman 1793 and fleur-de-lis within crowned cartouche with ornate W below

Notes

The basement has a cold plunge pool, with a smaller warm bath besde it. Soane designed a similar bath for Bentley Priory in 1789, and one for Wimpole in 1790 (q.v.).

A list of projects is on the verso of drawing 38, probably referring to projects underway at the time of this drawing: 'Mr Scott: Plans, Mr Praed's Plans, Villa (?) Stables, Sections of Cambridge'. The list may be referring to the following projects: Tyringham House for Mr Praed, 1792 to 97; Dunninald House for David Scott, 1787-1795; and Caius College, Cambridge, 1792. This list therefore dates the drawing to after 1792. Soane exhibited drawings of Dunninald House and Tyringham at the Royal Academy in 1798 (RA catalogue numbers 1006 and 960, respectively).

The front elevation (drawing 41) is the same as earlier designs (drawing 31), buth with a variant iron gate design. The coat of arms, in the centre of the parapet, is left unfinished in drawing 41.

The pencil labelling appears to be added later and to the entire volume, with dates that are only approximate.

The staircase is shown in section on drawing 42, with the railing omitted. The vestibule is three storeys high, with medallions decorating a frieze between the first and attic storeys.

The Victoria and Albert Museum in London has five drawings for the staircase at Buckingham House, including a plan of the staircase and four sections. Two drawings of the front Doric portico are also at the V&A, as is a front elevation. The elevation of the portico shows lions' head waterspouts above the triglyphs (see du Prey catalogue).

Literature

P. du Prey, Sir John Soane, 1985, in series of 'Catalogues of architectural drawings in the Victoria and Albert Museum', catalogue 213-22; P. Inskip, 'Soane and the Grenvilles', Apollo Magazine, April 2004, p. 20.

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

If you have any further information about this object, please contact us: drawings@soane.org.uk

Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).