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You are here: CollectionsOnline  /  [4] A General Plan of Hampton-Court Pallace Gardens & Parks: an estate survey and presentation drawing of Hampton Court Palace, gardens and parks, extending from Hampton at the west to Kingston at the east, c.1711
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image SM 36/3/1

Reference number

SM 36/3/1

Purpose

[4] A General Plan of Hampton-Court Pallace Gardens & Parks: an estate survey and presentation drawing of Hampton Court Palace, gardens and parks, extending from Hampton at the west to Kingston at the east, c.1711

Aspect

Block plan, colour-washed to distinguish between buildings with attached walls, park and garden enclosures, and water

Scale

700 feet to 1 inch

Inscribed

Inscribed by Bridgeman, top and bottom, in pen and black ink, KINGSTON, HAMPTON, and in brown ink left and right, Teddington / Feild, Hauns / Common., and Moulsey / Hurst; and in faded red ink along centre of river, RIVER OF THAMES; and within scrolled inscription panel, in black ink, A GENERAL PLAN OF / HAMPTON-COURT / PALLACE GARDENS & PARKS; and in brown ink, left column: House Park. / 1 The Pallace. / 2. The Fountain Garden. / 3 The Privy Garden. / 4. The Wilderness. / 5. The Mellon Ground / 6. The Kitchen Garden / 7. The Canal. / 8. The bowling-green / 9. The lower Wildnerness / 10. Avenue to Ditton; and right column, Bushey Park. / 12 My L.d Hallifax's / 13. Mr Progrers's. / 14 New Reserv.r & Canal / 15 Reserv.r & River / 16 Pheasant house / 17. The Round Bason / 18 Avenue to Twickenha[m] / 19 Avenue to Hampton / 20. The Paddock. / 21 the Green. / 22 The Offices of ye Works; and below in black ink, a numbered scale bar to 2000 feet, below which is FEET, and (along bottom scroll), BRIDGMAN. FEC.T; and in graphite, at right (south) end of Bushey Avenue, at end of dashed line with chevrons, 2 900 (?).

Signed and dated

c.1711

Medium and dimensions

Pen and brown ink with brown, green, blue-green, red, grey and black washes, with brown ink ruled border lines; on laid paper laid down on modern backing paper; several historic vertical tear lines; 533 x 503

Hand

Charles Bridgeman

Watermark

Strasbourg Lily / 4 / LVG; IHS IVILLEDARY

Notes

This plan is datable after the completion of the new canal within the Fountain Garden and to the early stages of the laying out of the Lower Wilderness, both in 1711. The signature 'Bridgman' (without an 'e') links the drawing to two other early garden plans by Bridgeman: that of Windsor Forest prepared in about 1709 (Willis 2002, pl. 104), and his estate survey of Blenheim Palace and park, dated 1709. The drawing was probably prepared for presentation purposes at a time when all the main elements of the layout of the gardens and park were finally in place.

Literature

Thurley 2003, pp. 240-42, fig. 231; Wren Society, VI, pl. I; Peter Willis, Charles Bridgeman (Newcastle-on-Tyne, 2002), fig. 95

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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