700 feet to 1 inch
Inscribed by Bridgeman, top and bottom, in pen and black ink, KINGSTON, HAMPTON, and in brown ink left and right, Teddington / Feild, Hauns / Common., and Moulsey / Hurst; and in faded red ink along centre of river, RIVER OF THAMES; and within scrolled inscription panel, in black ink, A GENERAL PLAN OF / HAMPTON-COURT / PALLACE GARDENS & PARKS; and in brown ink, left column: House Park. / 1 The Pallace. / 2. The Fountain Garden. / 3 The Privy Garden. / 4. The Wilderness. / 5. The Mellon Ground / 6. The Kitchen Garden / 7. The Canal. / 8. The bowling-green / 9. The lower Wildnerness / 10. Avenue to Ditton; and right column, Bushey Park. / 12 My L.d Hallifax's / 13. Mr Progrers's. / 14 New Reserv.r & Canal / 15 Reserv.r & River / 16 Pheasant house / 17. The Round Bason / 18 Avenue to Twickenha[m] / 19 Avenue to Hampton / 20. The Paddock. / 21 the Green. / 22 The Offices of ye Works; and below in black ink, a numbered scale bar to 2000 feet, below which is FEET, and (along bottom scroll), BRIDGMAN. FEC.T; and in graphite, at right (south) end of Bushey Avenue, at end of dashed line with chevrons, 2 900 (?).
Signed and dated
Medium and dimensions
Pen and brown ink with brown, green, blue-green, red, grey and black washes, with brown ink ruled border lines; on laid paper laid down on modern backing paper; several historic vertical tear lines; 533 x 503
Strasbourg Lily / 4 / LVG; IHS IVILLEDARY
This plan is datable after the completion of the new canal within the Fountain Garden and to the early stages of the laying out of the Lower Wilderness, both in 1711. The signature 'Bridgman' (without an 'e') links the drawing to two other early garden plans by Bridgeman: that of Windsor Forest prepared in about 1709 (Willis 2002, pl. 104), and his estate survey of Blenheim Palace and park, dated 1709. The drawing was probably prepared for presentation purposes at a time when all the main elements of the layout of the gardens and park were finally in place.
Thurley 2003, pp. 240-42, fig. 231; Wren Society, VI, pl. I; Peter Willis, Charles Bridgeman (Newcastle-on-Tyne, 2002), fig. 95
Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation