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You are here: CollectionsOnline  /  [2] Survey ground plan of the palace and its gardens to the north and south, but excluding the Fountain Garden on the east (cut off on the plan), c.1710-11
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image SM volume 111/40

Reference number

SM volume 111/40

Purpose

[2] Survey ground plan of the palace and its gardens to the north and south, but excluding the Fountain Garden on the east (cut off on the plan), c.1710-11

Aspect

Plan, orientated with the east side at the top of the sheet

Scale

100 feet to 1 19/20 inches (51 feet to 1 inch)

Inscribed

On verso, in pencil, in C19 hand, Gard

Signed and dated

Undated, but datable c.1710-11

Medium and dimensions

Pen and brown ink over graphite under-drawing, with grey, grey-brown, brown and green washes Laid paper, in three joined sheets, trimmed in straight line at top and in stepped line at bottom, with repaired horizontal tears across left sheet; C20 tissue reinforcement on back, with white canvas reinforcement on backs of folds and repairs to torn and lost areas on left and right sides 655 x 113

Hand

Henry Wise

Watermark

Strasbourg Lily / 4LVG and IHS / IVILLEDARY on each sheet

Notes

This drawing records the Privy Garden and the Wilderness and Grove gardens more or less as illustrated in Leonard Knyff's bird's-eye view of c.1702 (see Thurley, fig. 225). The Privy Garden had been extended south towards the river in 1699-1700; the Wilderness and Grove gardens were laid out at the same time. Knyff's drawing is important evidence for the appearance of the gardens before the Fountain Garden was altered in 1710-11. His view demonstrates that the two mazes in the wilderness on this plan were both in place in about 1702, the year of William's death. The trimming of the plan on the east side, close to the edge of park front, may have been done to remove an outdated plan of the Fountain Garden. The sheet is close in width to the larger survey plan at 111/39, but is about half its depth (i.e. on the west-east axis). The absence of any indication of the Lions' Gate at the entrance to the Wilderness places the drawing before 1714.

Literature

Thurley, Hampton Court, pp. 240-41 Wren Society, IV, pl. 2; Thurley, Hampton Court, fig. 211

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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