(39-48) bar scale of 1/5 inch to 1 foot (49-50) bar scales of 1 inch to 1 foot and 1/9 inch to 1 inch (51-52) bar scales of 1/5 inch to 1 foot and 1/9 inch to 1 inch (53-55) bar scales of 1/5 inch to 1 foot
39 as above, A.A.A. The width of this passage to be the same round / B.B.B.B. The Centers of these Vacuums / to be in the Center between / C:D / NB Inverted Arches under all the Openings, E.E.E. These sides to be equal,, labelled Arch (3 times) , Arched (twice) and dimensions given
40 as 39 (more or less)
41 as above, A.A.A.A. are equal, BB Iron grating to be / taken up at night, labelled Ventilation (3 times), Flat Ceiling (twice), Stone paving, Stone Pavement (twice) and dimensions given
42 as 41 (more or less)
43 as above, AAAA to be in Center of the the / outside of the Piers / BB Iron grating to be taken / up at night, Ventilation (3 times), Stone Paving (3 times) and dimensions given
44-45 as 43 (more or less)
46 as above, AAAA to be in the Center of the / outside of Piers, Ventilation (3 times), Stone Paving (3 times), and dimensions given
47-48 as 46 (more or less)
49 Section of Roof: AA Wall Plates 9in by 4in / BB Plates 4In by 2½In morticed to receive / the Ceiling Joists; Plan of one Bay of the Roof: AA Wall plates 9In by 10In / BB Beams 6 by 6 Six feet asunder (sic) & Dovetailed to the wall plates / C &c Rafters 6 by 3 from ridge to wall plate and from thence / notched to 4½ by 3 / D Ridge piece 9 by 2; The doors are to be hung in the same / manner as those already done; / the same preparation must / therefore be made in the Jambs / to receive the Hinges & Locks; Section of One Window; Iron Stay under Galleries: Iron Stay / 2In wide / 5/8 thickness / NB One of these Iron / Stays to be introduced / in every Story against / each Party Wall / and in the Lower Story / against the center of the / piers of the Arcades; Plan of the Round / Stone; A: the Indent for the Galleries to be left in the / brickwork / when the Wall / is building; B . NB / The band Stones / to be built in / the Walls as it / goes up & the / iron Stays to be / let in ---- (illegible) / with lead, to / receive the / Stay, when the Galleries / are putting up, labelled and dimensions given
50 as 49 (more or less)
51 Sections of AAA &c / to a larger Scale, Section from A to B / See Ground Plan, labelled To be built here after (twice), 3d Floor2d Floor, First Floor, Arcades, NB. Inverted Arches under / all the openings in the / Arcades and dimensions given
52 as 51 (more or less)
53 as above, KKKK Brackets, one to be / between each pier / (see Drawing to / a larger Scale), labelled: Stone (4 times), Stone Plinth, Rough Arches (twice) and dimensions given
54-55 as 53 (more or less)
39-55 Norwich Castle
Signed and dated
- (39) not dated (40) May 7th 1792 (41) May 9th 1792 (42) May 23rd 1792 (43) May 9th 1792 (44) May 11th 1792 (45) May 23rd 1792 (46) May 9th 1792 (47) May 11th 1792 (48) May 23rd 1792 (49) May 10th 1792 (50) May 22nd 1792 (51) May 8 th 1792 (52) May 23rd 1792 (53) May 10th 1792 (54) May 11th 1792 (55) May 22nd 1792
Medium and dimensions
(39) Pen and sepia wash (623 x 535) (40) pen, sepia and very pale red washes, pricking and scoring for transfer (536 x 665) (41-44) pen, sepia, blue and very pale pink washes (546 x 654, 656 x 540, 530 x 656. 550 x 669) (45) pen, sepia and pale blue washes (652 x 540) (46-47) pen, sepia, pale blue and very pale pink washes (530 x 655, 570 x 673) (48) pen, sepia and pale blue wash (650 x 542) (49-50) pen, yellow and sepia washes (525 x 680, 523 x 642) (51-54) pen and sepia washes (512 x 641, 515 x 640, 517 x 641, 568 x 687) (55) pen, sepia and yellow washes (515 x 635) all on thin cartridge paper
Frederick Meyer (1775-?, pupil 1791-96) and Thomas Chawner (1774-1851, pupil 1788-94) see Notes below
Soane's office 'Journal No1' records on 11 May 1792: 'sent per Mail 7 Workg drawgs / of Plan & Sections of Men Felons / Gaol'. The seven drawings included plans for four floors, latitudinal and longitudinal sections, plan and section of roof, and drawing of an iron stay under the galleries. On 9 June, Soane took to Norwich, eight working drawings (as above) plus a section of window and gallery. Checked against comparable drawings within the set 5-11, made three years earlier, there are few changes but greater detail.
The drawings catalogued here are dated between 7 May and 23 May 1792. However, Soane's office 'Day Book' for 1792 shows that working drawings for Norwich Castle were being made on fourteen days in May 1792, on seven of these days by Meyer and on the others by both Meyer and Chawner. On 19 May a new pupil Thomas Jeans (pupil, 1792-97) was 'shadowing plans', that is, adding coloured washes?. The drawings were presumably being made to send out for tender and thus several copies of each was required.
In 1792, there were ten people working in the office. Of these, four were pupils (Chawner, Laing, Meyer and Jeans), two were assistants (Lodder, Ebdon) and four were clerks. Presumably the clerks, among other things, wrote out the specifications and tender documents. Christopher Ebdon (1744-1824) was an architect, experiencing a thin time with his own practice who worked for Soane between 1789-1792.
The drawings all relate to construction work within the Norman walls of the Keep. After the removal of internal walls and partitions, Soane built a virtually free-standing structure with a basement, ground floor courtyard and arcade, and three floors over, all underneath the open top of the 90 x 95 feet Keep.
Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation