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image Image 1 for SM (11) 77/1/35 (12) 77/1/36 (13) 77/1/37 (14) 77/1/38
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image Image 3 for SM (11) 77/1/35 (12) 77/1/36 (13) 77/1/37 (14) 77/1/38
image Image 4 for SM (11) 77/1/35 (12) 77/1/36 (13) 77/1/37 (14) 77/1/38
image Image 5 for SM (11) 77/1/35 (12) 77/1/36 (13) 77/1/37 (14) 77/1/38
image Image 6 for SM (11) 77/1/35 (12) 77/1/36 (13) 77/1/37 (14) 77/1/38
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image Image 8 for SM (11) 77/1/35 (12) 77/1/36 (13) 77/1/37 (14) 77/1/38
  • image Image 1 for SM (11) 77/1/35 (12) 77/1/36 (13) 77/1/37 (14) 77/1/38
  • image Image 2 for SM (11) 77/1/35 (12) 77/1/36 (13) 77/1/37 (14) 77/1/38
  • image Image 3 for SM (11) 77/1/35 (12) 77/1/36 (13) 77/1/37 (14) 77/1/38
  • image Image 4 for SM (11) 77/1/35 (12) 77/1/36 (13) 77/1/37 (14) 77/1/38
  • image Image 5 for SM (11) 77/1/35 (12) 77/1/36 (13) 77/1/37 (14) 77/1/38
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  • image Image 8 for SM (11) 77/1/35 (12) 77/1/36 (13) 77/1/37 (14) 77/1/38

Reference number

SM (11) 77/1/35 (12) 77/1/36 (13) 77/1/37 (14) 77/1/38

Purpose

Working drawings for the roof timbers over the addition, one dated 22 September 1788 (4)

Aspect

11 Plan of roof timbers at base of the dome and transepts; (verso) plan and sections of the roof timbers (cancelled) 12 Plan of roof timbers (cancelled); cross-section (cancelled); and longitudinal section (cancelled) 13 Plan of roof timbers at base of the dome (cancelled); and part-plans of ribs supporting the ceiling (cancelled) 14 Plan of roof timbers at base of the dome (cancelled); and part-plans of the ribs supporting the ceiling (cancelled); (verso) ground plan of house and oubuildings surrounded by a wall

Scale

(11) bar scale of 3/10 inch to 1 foot, approximately (12) to a scale (13) bar scale of 1/4 inch to 1 foot (14) bar scale of 1/4 inch to 1 foot; (verso) 5/8 inch to 10 feet

Inscribed

11 Wardour Castle, Drawing for Roof over Dome of Chapel, Scantlings // Principal Beams 13" by 10" // Angle Braces 9" by 9" // Principal Beams over flat 10" by 8" // Wall Plate 8" by 5½, plan lettered A to F corresponding to key: Figr Is a Plan desicribing the situation of Beams, Plates and / Braces // B Are Beams over Arches with short Pieces framed between as at C and bolted / together // D are Beams Bolted together and running thro: to wall Plate // E Are angular braces // F beam of Rafter continued through from Plate to Plate and dimensions given; (verso) Section on line AB / shewing the principal rafters over lanter[n] of Dome, and care must / be taken that the collar beam hang[s] so high as to clear the cieling / of Dome. The king Post to be large enough so as to admit the hip / and End rafters to be framed into it; with plates of Iron and / Bolts as are described in the section AB an Iron plate must / be formed and fixed on the Collar beam of hip / & End raftrese and to turn up ot the King Posts / as at a the section on line CD describe the Plate / of Iron more perfect. The Principal beam over / flat, these markers EE only to be framed with / the braces: those marked F to be notched down / and well primed, Line of dome, Archavolt (sic) round Arch, C, Scantlings // Principal Rafters 11" by 7" at Botton (sic) and 9" by 6" at [top] (sheet trimmed) // Collar Beams 8" by 6" // King Posts 12" by 6" // Purloins 7 by 5 // Single Rafters 4 by 3" // Principal Beams over flat 11" by 9" // Siingle Joists over flat 11" by 2½ // Braces 6" by 6", Section on line CD // shewing the End Rafter framed into the Principal / Rafter A with the Iron plate at bottom of Collar Beam --etio- / against the King Post. Rib C in one length framed into / beam d and collar beam c, Line of dome, Archavolt [sic] round arch and dimensions given 13 (pencil) Base line of Rib G (twice), Rib for ceiling, and note in illegible feing pencil, beginning: Fig A the Plan of Roof shewing the 14 (pencil) lettered A to L, Base line of the rafter, Base line of Rib G, The Groin Rib G, Base line of Rib G, Base line of the Rafter, G Rib, Section of D, Figr A is the Plan of Roof shewing the Beams, Plates / & Braces as intended to be framed / Both the Beams over --- with short pieces framed between as at / C & the beams Bolted together as described in the Plan / D are Beams Bolted together and Dovetailed down to Beams B.B. / E Is a slate layering in the wall for the Roof to spring from / F (?)are angular Braces to be cut into the Beams & bolted through / You must be carefull in the situation of these Braces so / that you get clear of them in Your cieling / G Is the given rib in the angles, I is A section of the Brace F / which determon [sic] its situation / K Is a piece of timber which suppport[s] the hip after halv'd down / to Beams & braces as inscribed in the hip Rafter / L Hip rafter laid out shewing the --- through piece K and / Beam D / G Is the angular Rib, The Scantlings of Timber / Beams; (verso) Mr Wa(re's?) / Ro[om], Pa[ntry], Bake[house], and dimensions given

Signed and dated

  • (11) Copy Welbeck Street Sepr 22nd 1788

Medium and dimensions

(11) Pencil, pen and grey, pink and yellow washes on cartridge paper (509 x 626) (12) pencil, pen and grey, pink and yellow washes on laid paper (579 x 495) (13) pencil, pen and yellow wash on laid paper with one fold mark (504 x 454) (14) pencil, pen and yellow and pink washes on cartridge paper (614 x 469)

Hand

(11-14) attributed to Robert Woodgate (clerk 1788-1791)

Notes

The sanctuary addition has a domed ceiling between apsidal ends. A hipped roof covers the centre while lean-to roofs (almost flat) are over the transepts. Three of the working drawings are cancelled in pencil. Drawings 11 to 14 show the roof timbers as well as the ribs that support the ceiling.

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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