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Reference number

SM (5) 73/3/7 (6) 73/3/6 (7) 73/3/8

Purpose

Presentation drawings, one dated 6 June 1789 (3)

Aspect

5 Plan of the ground floor / shewing the proposed alterations and additions 6 Plan of the first floor 7 The Entrance Front No 2, The Longitudinal Elevation and Elevation of the Entrance Front of the County Gaol

Scale

5-7 to a scale

Inscribed

5 as above (in sans serif capitals on Roman label ( tabula ansata), rooms labelled: entrance court, staircase, gaolers kitc^hen, closet, committee room / and / gaoler's parlor, debtors, airing court, womens / airing court, privy, privy, passage, the / reception / court, debtors / room, staircase, cell, bath and oven / room, arcade, arcade, air-chimney, privy, ventilation, the womens / day room, the turnkeys / chamber, lodge, county / cloaths, passage, staircase, the chapel, coals, men felons / airing court, staircase, privey, turnkey / and / implements, arcade, ventilation, bath, ventilation, privy, materials / raw / and / manufactured 6 as above (in sans serif capitals), rooms labelled: staircase, gaolers / chamber, debtor, staircase, debtor, womens / day room, privy, cell, cell, cell, passage to womens cells, staircase, fines, fines, fines, passage, staircase, fines, court, staircase, condemn'd / cell, men-felons / day room, cell, cell, cell, cell, passage to mens cells, cell, cell, cell, cell, cell, cell, passage to men felons cells, men felons / day room, condemn'd cell 7 as above (in sans serif capitals, on Roman label ( tabula ansata) and No: 4 and (over the alternative entrances) NORWICH CASTLE and THE / COVNTY / GAOL

Signed and dated

7 Welbeck Street June 6th 1789

Medium and dimensions

(5-6) Pen, sepia and black washes, pricked for transfer on laid paper (747 x 537, 750 x 535, (7) pen and sepia washes, shaded, pricked for transfer, with narrow black-edged border (894 x 596)

Hand

5-7 Thomas Chawner (1774-1851, pupil 1788-94)

Watermark

5-7 J Whatman

Notes

The plans show that the entrance is to the south in a new building with accommodation for the debtors and women prisoners and including a chapel, committee room and reception area. The remodelled keep is laid out internally on a U-plan with an airing court and arcade on the ground floor and cells on the upper floors. The elevations are in a Castle style with slit windows, stepped flat-faced buttresses, and battlements. The elevations are for a new entrance to the castle: three storeys with a tall lancet arched doorway flanked by lancet niches and for the entrance to the gaol: four storeys with a semicircular headed door.

Soane's office 'Journal No1' has an entry for the 26 May 1789: 'sent Mr Fellowes a plan for alterations'. Between 1785 and 1790 Soane built Shotesham Hall in Norfolk (q.v.) for Robert Fellowes, a magistrate and local politician. See introduction to this catalogue for a note of Soane's drawings for Norwich Castle Gaol in Norwich Castle Museum, 1789-91, two of them inscribed 'Robert Fellowes'.

The office 'Journal' also records that Soane's drawings were 'approved & ordered into execution on 17 June 1789'.

Not all of of Soane's presentation drawings have survived; the office Journal No 1 has an entry for 6 June 1789 'Took with me / No 5 fair Drawings of a Design / for the improvements / Three Plans / One elevation of front / one doof flank / One Section on 5 Sheets of double Eleph[ant]'. Double elephant size paper is generally understood as 40½ inches x 26 and 7/8 inches (1003 x 685 mm) which does not correspond with the dimensions given above.

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

If you have any further information about this object, please contact us: drawings@soane.org.uk

Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).