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Reference number

SM 80/1/7

Purpose

[1] Working drawing, June 1789

Aspect

Details for Cornice and part of pediment; (verso) elevation of wing and part-elevation of back , Section of Roof, part-section of roof to a larger scale, (feint pencil) rough plan

Scale

full size (verso) to a scale (part-section) bar scale of 1 inch to 1 foot

Inscribed

as above, Mr Oakes, Stone (3 times), White Bricks, Wall Line (twice), Projection of Block (twice), line of space between Blocks (twice), Space between blocks, white Blocks; (verso) Elevation of Flank, These Windows / to range with / those in the pre / sent Dwelling / House Entrance / front and dimensions given, The height of the Bedchamber floor in the / New Buildings is more than that / in the present Dwelling House as the / Drawing B explains - dressing the / top of the beam in level with the / top of the outside Cornice x which ranges / with the present Fascia C, These Windows / to range / with those in [the] Entrance Front, Line of Pediment, block (twice), Stone, Lead, Slates, (twice), ¾ boarding, Principal Rafter, B, and dimensions given, Rafter beams 9" by 8", Principle Rafter 7" by 5" at top / 6 by 5" at bottom, Common Rafter 4½ by 2½, Purloins 6 by 4½, King Post 5 by 4, Brace 4 by 4, Plate 8" by 5, and some dimensions given

Signed and dated

Copy June 9th 1789 (verso) Copy June 10th 1789 (twice)

Medium and dimensions

Pencil, pen and pale pink wash, pricked for transfer, on cartridge paper with two fold marks (518 x 643) (verso) pencil and pen

Hand

Soane office (verso) Soane and Soane office

Notes

At 81-82 Guildhall Street Soane added a two-storied pedimented wing either side of the original five bay house of red brick each one joined to the original house by a single bay set back from the rest of the building. Beyond the wings he built tall screen walls with shallow pilasters and sunk panels in the brickwork. The side facing the street seems to have been intended to convey status and grandeur, incorporating a pedimented Doric porch in the centre of the old bulding, complemented by what Soane called 'Venetian' large tripartite windows on the ground floor of the new wings.
The recto of this sheet is a full size working drawing of the cornice of 81-82 Guildhall Street that appears to have been added by Soane to match the new wings to the existing building: 'Ketton Stone Cornice between the two pediments ... Ketton Stone Cornice next the old building' (SM Billbook 4 p. 22).
More interesting are the drawings on the verso. On 11 June 1789 Soane's office sent to 81-82 Guildhall 'Per Bury Coach, working drawing of Elevation, + Section of Roof' (SM Journal 1, p. 142). The verso dated 10 June 1789 is probably a copy of this drawing and suggests that the designs were, like the cornice on the recto, for James Oakes' bank and dwelling house.
The 'Elevation of [the] Flank' wall corresponds to the flank wall of one of Soane's new wings, evidenced by the corbels on the cornice. (See photograph taken by the National Buildings Record in SM Green Box File Br-Co, as attached). The other elevation with two narrower windows at ground-floor level is probably for the rear of the building inferred by the inscription that 'The Windows [are] to range with those of [the] Entrance Front.'
Most interesting is the rough plan of the old and new buildings. The rough plan shows the central porch and both new wings with their tripartite windows. One wing accommodated a new dining room for the family whilst the other wing was built specifically as a banking office that seems to have occupied the full width of the wing according to the accounts, which mention window shutters to both front and rear windows in the banking room (SM Bill Book 4, pp. 19-20). The plan shows both new wings with windows to the rear so that it is not absolutely evident which was the banking office and which the family dining room. However Soane preferred interesting room shapes for dining rooms. On the rough plan the right-hand wing appears more elaborate, having a curved wall with very faintly drawn, typically Soanean shallow niches in two corners, and the rear windows are on the far side of an anteroom opening out of the main room, therefore it would be reasonable to infer that the dining room was in the right-hand wing.

Literature

See report prepared by D. Stroud, December 1953 (SM Green Box File Br-Co)

Level

Drawing

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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