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image SM (1) volume 41/69

Reference number

SM (1) volume 41/69


Record drawing of a design for a keeper's lodge, April 1786


Plan of the Ground floor and four elevations


bar scale of 1/12 inch to 1 foot


as above, Elevation of one side of the Building, Elevation of the back front, chamber over the / front of this / building, the floor of room A / No chambers over A, Tile heads (three times), floor, floor, Brick modignial (sic, Modillion?) / Cornice, Make this / window as high / as the floor will / permit, dimensions given, Payne Galwey Esqre, Design for the Keepers Lodge at /Tofts, the Front B is to / face the Lake // To be built with flints, excepting the quoins / window jambs, chimney shaft &c / which must be executed in brickwork / The roof to be covered with pantiles, & made / to rise 4'6" in the center

Signed and dated

  • datable to April 1786 (see Notes)

Medium and dimensions

Pen and pink wash on laid paper (364 x 244) bound into 'Precedents in Architecture' SM volume 41


John McDonnell (1770- , pupil, 18 March 1786 to 1791)


T French


The structure is comprised of a two-storey dwelling behind a decorative front room. There is no communication between the two parts of the building, as the front is to serve as an ornamental cottage separate from the basic accommodation at the rear.

The front elevation has a pedimented door and glazing within a round-headed recessed panel. The back of the lodge is wider than the front, measuring 21 feet 9 inches. It has simple windows and a round-headed door.

As noted on the drawing, the building is to be constructed of flint with brick quoins, window jambs and chimney. The hipped roof is to be covered in pantiles.

Soane first visited Payne Galwey at Tofts on 26 March 1786 (Soane Journal No 1). Drawings for a keeper's lodge were sent to the client on 24 April 1786. Soane charged Payne Galwey £6 6s 0d for his drawings of the lodge, and £2 12s 6d for a 'book of architecture' (Ledger A). It is unknown whether the lodge was built to Soane's designs.

Tofts was demolished in the 1950s.


P. Dean, Sir John Soane and the country estate, 1999, p. 174.



Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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