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image Image 1 for SM (6) 30/1A/1 (7) 30/1A/2 (8) 30/1A/5 (9) 30/1A/4 (10) 30/1A/3
image Image 2 for SM (6) 30/1A/1 (7) 30/1A/2 (8) 30/1A/5 (9) 30/1A/4 (10) 30/1A/3
image Image 3 for SM (6) 30/1A/1 (7) 30/1A/2 (8) 30/1A/5 (9) 30/1A/4 (10) 30/1A/3
image Image 4 for SM (6) 30/1A/1 (7) 30/1A/2 (8) 30/1A/5 (9) 30/1A/4 (10) 30/1A/3
image Image 5 for SM (6) 30/1A/1 (7) 30/1A/2 (8) 30/1A/5 (9) 30/1A/4 (10) 30/1A/3
  • image Image 1 for SM (6) 30/1A/1 (7) 30/1A/2 (8) 30/1A/5 (9) 30/1A/4 (10) 30/1A/3
  • image Image 2 for SM (6) 30/1A/1 (7) 30/1A/2 (8) 30/1A/5 (9) 30/1A/4 (10) 30/1A/3
  • image Image 3 for SM (6) 30/1A/1 (7) 30/1A/2 (8) 30/1A/5 (9) 30/1A/4 (10) 30/1A/3
  • image Image 4 for SM (6) 30/1A/1 (7) 30/1A/2 (8) 30/1A/5 (9) 30/1A/4 (10) 30/1A/3
  • image Image 5 for SM (6) 30/1A/1 (7) 30/1A/2 (8) 30/1A/5 (9) 30/1A/4 (10) 30/1A/3

Reference number

SM (6) 30/1A/1 (7) 30/1A/2 (8) 30/1A/5 (9) 30/1A/4 (10) 30/1A/3

Purpose

Working drawings for alterations and additions to the offices, 1791 (5)

Aspect

6 Rough survey (or copy of existing ?) plan of ground floor in Soane's hand 7 Neat copy of drawing 6 8 Copy of Plan of the Ground floor of Offices at Skelton Castle with the proposed additions & alterations 9 Plan of the first floor of Offices at Shelton Castle with the proposed additions & alterations (verso) Plan of the Ground floor at / Skelton Castle, wih the pro- / posed Additions and Alterations, plan of first floor labelled: This is wrong and (pencil) Plan of (vaulted) Basement floor of Offices / under Servts Hall 10 Plan of the First Floor at Skelton Castle

Scale

(6) to a rough scale (7) to a scale of 1/10 inch to one foot approximately (8) bar scale of 1/9 inch to one foot (10) scale of 1/9 inch to one foot

Inscribed

6 rooms labelled: Brewh:[ouse], Wood & / Coals, mens / necess[ariu]m, cleang Shoes / & / Knives, Servants Hall, necess[arium] (a three-holer), dressg / room, Arched / & secured from / Kitchenfire, Butler, Press, Workg / Pantry, Passage (twice), H Keeper, Closet, Lobby, Store / room / & / more / in / Cellar / for / Soap / candles, Stairs to / Cellar, Strong room, Steward, (pale brown pen) , Kitchen, China / Closet , Still room / (pale brown pen) dry Larder, Wet Larder, (pale brown pen) Housekeeper, (pale brown pen) Store room, Passage, Scullery, Arched / Entrance / to / Kitchen Ct , Dust / & / Cinders, Wet larder, Coals, Washouse /put ---tubs, (light brown pen) Chamber / above, Laundry, (light brown pen) Chamber above, Iron:, womens / necess[arium] -three-seater), Fol[din]g table, Mangle, (light brown pen) Mangle / room, Brewh:[house], Wood / & / Coals, (pale brown pen) Steward / perhaps, Office Court, Pump; notes a. equal / b. do / c. to take Coals out of Cellar / for the use of Laundry & washouse / perhaps 2 Still Rooms & f. dry Lard[er] / Floor of Servants Hall 18 inches / 2 feet below the level (pale brown pen) of the other offices / in Stables / Ale & Beer Cellars under Servants Hall / & Butlers Pantry / (pale brown pen) O Qy [query] Door from Steward's Room / X Gate & might hang under / this Arch way, compass points NSEW, a few dimensions given and Skelton Castle, the / Seat of John Wharton Esqre 7 Plan of the Ground Floor of the Offices at Skelton Castle, shewing the proposed Alterations & Additions (sic), rooms labelled: Brewhouse, Wood and Coals, Cleaning Shoes / and Knives, Servants Hall, Dressing Room, Arched / and secure / from Fire, Butler, Working / Pantry, Passage (twice), Housekeeper, Closet, Store / Room / and more / in Cellar / for Soap / Candles, Strong Room, Steward, Kitchen, Still Room, Wet Larder, Dry Larder, Scullery, Arched / Entrance / to Kitchen Court, Dust and Cinders, Coals, Washouse, Laundry, Folding Table, Mangle , Office Court and John Wharton Esqr 8 as above, A / Servants Hall, B Butlers / Pantry, A lower than B 21 Inches, Butlers / Working / Room, Plate Closet, John Wharton Esqr , John Wharton Esqr and running dimensions given 9 as above and running dimensions given (verso) as above, Servants Hall / 2 feet below the level / of the Butlers / Pantry, Butlers Pantry / level with the / Floor of Supper Room, Butlers / Working Room, Plate Closet, running dimensions given and Copy of these sent to T [sheet trimmed] probably John Turner, site clerk of works (Ledger B 122-4) 10 as above

Signed and dated

(6) 1791 (9 verso) Great Scotland Yard June 1st 1791 (10) Copy G. Scotland Yard June 2d 91

Medium and dimensions

(6) Pen, light brown pen some pencil, pricked for transfer on laid paper (389 x 402) (7) pen and sepia wash on laid paper with one fold mark (462 x 677) (8) pen, sepia, light red and Indian red washes, [rocked for transfer on wove paper with one fold mark (556 x 674) (9) pen, sepia, light red and yellow washes, pricked for transfer on wove paper with one fold mark ( 555 x 675) (10) pen, sepia, light red and yellow washes on wove paper (332 x 542)

Hand

(6) Soane (7) Soane office (8-9) Frederick Meyer (pupil April 1791-1796) and William Blogg (improver March-June 1791) (10) Meyer (Day Book 1791, Blogg 'absent')

Watermark

(6) Portal & Bridges (7) I Taylor

Notes

The offices were arranged around a roughly triangular court. Drawing 7 is a neat copy of drawing 6 made to a larger (unstated) scale. Soane's plan (drawing 6) has the original purpose of some rooms inscribed in a light brown pen and the revised purpose in a darker pen so that, for example Mr Wharton's room has become the steward's room and the old steward's room has become the room for the housekeeper. It is assumed that this drawing is in the nature of a survey drawing and could have been copied from an existing estate drawing.

Drawing 8 makes plain the areas that Soane was concerned with: the bottom left-hand part of the triangular court (and especially the re-location of the stair and (drawings 9-10) new partition walls and Water Closets); an area to the left (brewhouse and fuel store in drawings 6 and 7); and thirdly an area on the top right-hand side of the court (arched entrance and scullery on drawings 6-7). These last two areas have a light red wash indicating new work (though without dimensions) and the laundry (top) has new boilers and other fittings.

Ptolemy Dean (op.cit) wrote that Soane's design for re-ordering the domestic offices was 'on a cramped and uneven site with precipitous drops on three sides. The buildings survive virtually untouched and include Soane's rare use of battlements.'

Literature

N. Pevsner, Yorkshire: the North Riding, 1966, p.343-4; P.Dean, Sir John Soane and the country estate, 1999, p.177

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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