- The drawings from the office of Sir John Soane
Designs 1 and 2 were discarded or rejected for design 3, a column with a simple base (clasped by an ouroboros), fluted in its upper two-thirds with a Doric dosseret (detached section of an entablature) supporting a strigilated altar with 'a flame'. Overall, the combined elements were 56 or 57 feet high (see dimensions given on drawings 2 and 3). Drawing 5 shows an improved design for the dosseret: the cornice and abacus made larger and more crisply defined.
The monument cost £268.11.0 (SM Ledger A pp.30-31)
Dorothy Stroud (Sir John Soane, architect, 2nd ed., 1996, p.243) wrote that 'After standing at Felbridge until 1927 the column was sold to Sir Stephen Aitchison of Lemmington Hall, Northumberland. It was then transported, probably by sea, to form a feature in his park where it still stands.' Miss Stroud's typescript list of 'Soane's works' (in the Soane Museum) notes that: ' 2 drawings by Soane for the column, dated Aug. 12 1785 are in the Manuscript Room of the British Museum (Add MS. 3840, f. 3724 and 375)'. The same source states that James Evelyn ' had already rebuilt Felbridge Hall on the site of an older mansion called Heath Hatch. The column was to perpetuate the memory of his parents, Edward and Julia Evelyn.... The base of the column was ... inscribed with [Joseph] Addison's  Hymn of Praise beginning "When all thy mercies, O my God ...". '
In the Soane Museum's collection is a design for an Ionic columnar monument at Colne Park for Philip Hills, 1790 (65/3/5) that re-uses the thrysus with entwined snakes motif shown in the first drawing catalogued here.
Christopher Woodward's typescript catalogue of entries for the Felbridge monument in Soane's Ledger A, Order Book II and Box 12 NB 17 are filed with his SM 'Catalogue of Soane Drawings' (noted August 2011 JL)
Jill Lever, April 2011
Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.
Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).