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  • image SM (101) volume 71/48

Reference number

SM (101) volume 71/48


Working drawing for the later south Transfer Office, 8 February 1822


101 Cross-section and further section details for the foundation arches


Sections of arches / at the West side, new Office at the Bank and some dimensions given

Signed and dated

  • 8th: Feby / 1822


Soane office


Drawing 101 shows a section through the old foundation arches (probably in the later south Transfer Office given the date). At the top is a cross-section, showing the arches under the side-aisles and the wide central arch. The ground-floor piers were positioned directly over the middle two foundation-bases.

The arches in between the foundation pier bases acted in a similar fashion and in conjunction with the inverted arches, taking the weight of the pier above and directing it sideways onto the keystones and the outer walls, not just down onto the shallow foundations.

The different hatching marking parts of the arches and details probably indicate different building materials added by Soane to strengthen the foundations (specifically next to side-aisle foundation arches as that would be where most of the weight from the pier above would be directed.



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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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