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image Image 1 for SM (14) 10/4/4 (15) volume 72/41 (16) 1/4/5
image Image 2 for SM (14) 10/4/4 (15) volume 72/41 (16) 1/4/5
image Image 3 for SM (14) 10/4/4 (15) volume 72/41 (16) 1/4/5
image Image 4 for SM (14) 10/4/4 (15) volume 72/41 (16) 1/4/5
  • image Image 1 for SM (14) 10/4/4 (15) volume 72/41 (16) 1/4/5
  • image Image 2 for SM (14) 10/4/4 (15) volume 72/41 (16) 1/4/5
  • image Image 3 for SM (14) 10/4/4 (15) volume 72/41 (16) 1/4/5
  • image Image 4 for SM (14) 10/4/4 (15) volume 72/41 (16) 1/4/5

Reference number

SM (14) 10/4/4 (15) volume 72/41 (16) 1/4/5

Purpose

Designs for blind Tivoli windows on Lothbury and Princes Street, April 1805 (3)

Aspect

14 Elevation and section 15 Elevation and full size detail of architrave 16 Full size detail of the sill; (verso) elevation, plan and section

Scale

(14) bar scale (15) bar scale and (full size) (16) full size; (verso) to a scale

Inscribed

14 The Bank of England and dimensions given 15 as above, Bank of England, Elevation of Niche for front next Lothbury, Moldings, (Copy) and (some in pencil) dimensions given 16 as above, Bottom part of the Architrave / Cill to Recesses; (verso) Section through the recess, plan of the recess and dimensions given

Signed and dated

(14) Lincolns Inn Fields / April 27th 1805 (15) LIF / April 27th 1805

Hand

Soane office

Watermark

(14) 1802 (15) Hayes & Wise (1799? sheet trimmed)

Notes

In 1805, blind Tivoli windows were added to both the existing screen wall on Lothbury Street and the new north-west extension. The blind Tivoli window on the Bank façade is a modification of the surviving window at the Temple of Vesta at Tivoli. The temple measurements by George Dance in 1762 were copied by Soane in the 1780s (Richardson, p. 136) and subsequently used in Soane's designs for orders, columniations and ornament on the façade of the Bank of England. Blind Tivoli windows were added to both the new and existing screen wall on Bartholomew Lane, Lothbury and Princes Streets. The windows are a derivation of the Tivoli window: the original window opening is narrower at the top than at the bottom, has a shouldered architrave and a flat, shouldered sill and is crowned by a cornice. Soane's Tivoli window is also narrower at the top, shouldered sill and a cornice, but the architrave is not shouldered. The windows are 10'7"1/8 tall.

Literature

M. Richardson, 'John Soane and the Temple of Vesta at Tivoli', Architectural History, vol. 46, 2003, pp. 129-145.

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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