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  • image SM, volume 110/53

Reference number

SM, volume 110/53


[1] Design for the Great Portal on the east side of the present-day Clock Court (formerly the Fountain Court), and serving the Queen's staircase and apartments, 1690-91


Elevation with alternative half-plans below, the right one struck through


2 ½ feet to 1 inch


In ink by Hawksmoor in over-door panel, GVILIELMVS ET MARIA R. ET. R., and with many figured dimensions

Signed and dated

  • undated but datable 1690-91

Medium and dimensions

Pen and brown ink over graphite under-drawing and a few incised lines, with pen shading, grey-wash shading, and some shading in ruled graphite lines Laid paper, laid down, with scattered pinkish-brown blotching and staining over left half of sheet; 303 x 319




Strasbourg Lily / 4WR


This Portland stone entrance was built in the latter part of 1691 by the mason John Clarke, who submitted his bill in November that year. In the previous month, carpenters were paid for the erection of scaffolds ‘for carvers in the Fountaine Court’ (i.e. Clock Court), a reference to the carved ornaments and especially the armorial crest in the upper parts of the elevation (Wren Society, IV, p. 51). The new doorway was on the main axis of the Tudor palace, aligned with the gateways on the west and east sides of the Base Court and was centred on the north cloister of the new quadrangle to the east (present-day Fountain Court). It provided access to the Queen’s staircase and a route to the new cloister from the principal entry court of the palace. Its construction marked the first phase of th re-ordering of this court and the design is probably contemporary with Hawksmoor’s drawing for the Ionic colonnade on the south side (2, below; 110/18). The entire eastern range of the Clock Court was demolished in 1732 to make way for William Kent’s Tudor-revival range and the only clear visual record of the entrance as built is in a set of survey drawings of this range by William Dickinson at All Souls College, prepared in c.1716 in connection with a proposal for removing the top storey of the Tudor fabric (Geraghty 2007, Nos. 219-22; AS I.34-36 and 57; see also Wren Society, VII, pl. 25)In plan, Hawksmoor indicates the full depth of the wall in which the doorway is set (2 feet 10 inches) and the projection of the doorcase itself (2 feet 1 inch). The outer frame steps forward 1 foot 3 inches from the wall and the inner frames step forward twice. Overall, the entrance in the design is 16 feet across, with an opening only 6 feet wide. In execution, the entrance was reduced in width by about nine inches each side.


HKW, V, p. 160; Thurley 2003, p. 183; Wren Society, IV, pl. 22



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