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image Image 1 for SM (211) 66/5/8 (212) 67/5/27 (213) 66/5/9
image Image 2 for SM (211) 66/5/8 (212) 67/5/27 (213) 66/5/9
image Image 3 for SM (211) 66/5/8 (212) 67/5/27 (213) 66/5/9
  • image Image 1 for SM (211) 66/5/8 (212) 67/5/27 (213) 66/5/9
  • image Image 2 for SM (211) 66/5/8 (212) 67/5/27 (213) 66/5/9
  • image Image 3 for SM (211) 66/5/8 (212) 67/5/27 (213) 66/5/9

Reference number

SM (211) 66/5/8 (212) 67/5/27 (213) 66/5/9

Purpose

Survey drawings of Wren's Chapel, one dated December 1817 (3)

Aspect

211 Longitudinal Section of Chapel at Chelsea Hospital 212 Elevation for panelling and pilaster 213 Plan of the East End of the Chapel, shewing the proposed position of / the Pulpit Reading Desk &c, Chelsea Hospital

Scale

(211, 213) bar scale

Inscribed

211 as above and some dimensions given 212 some dimensions given 213 as above, labelled Pulpit, Reading desk, Clerk's / desk and some dimensions given

Signed and dated

(211) Decr 1817, H.B. (213) (pencil) 1817

Hand

(211) H. Burges (pupil 1817-1820) (212-213) Soane office

Notes

In 1818 Soane began making repairs to Wren's chapel, which is located in Wren's main hospital building (in the eastern half of the central wing, bordering the Figure Court). The chapel measures 113 by 38 feet and originally seated about 500 people.

Soane's alterations are described by C.G.T. Dean: 'The long benches were sawn into four, fitted with backs, and then rearranged so as to face the altar... He also dismantled the old "three-decker"; placing the pulpit in its present position, and the Chaplain's desk, with the Clerk's pew attached, on the opposite side of the aisle. Finally he removed the sounding board over the pulpit...'. (A 'sounding board' is a structure placed above, or sometimes behind, the pulpit which helps to project the voice of the speaker into the congregation.) The 'three-decker' refers to the original pulpit 'that stood against the middle of the south wall... This interesting piece of Church furniture comprised, firstly, the present pulpit, over which was a sounding board of inlaid wood, carried on four slender supports. Secondly, the present Reading Desk, or Lectern, originally the Chaplain's Desk, which was set at an intermediate level. Thirdly, a pew for the Clerk, placed immediately in front of the Chaplain's Desk, at floor level. A narrow stair in two short flights gave access to the reading desk and pulpit; the entry under the pulpit being concealed by a curtain'.

Drawing 211 shows a longitudinal section through the Chapel. It includes Wren's apsidal east end (on the left hand side) and organ loft at the west end (on the right), as well as Wren's panelling, arched window arcade and decorative mouldings.

Drawing 212 corresponds to much of the decorative scheme the chapel displays today. It could be part of the panelling behind the choir - the pilaster capital with corble-head below is similar, though not exactly the same.

Drawing 213 shows a plan of the east end, with a design for alterations to the 'three-decker' pulpit - shown divided into two parts, as C.G.T. Dean describes. There is also a section of the pulpit in the margin which shows a shallow domed 'cap' with a finial, above the main body. This must be the 'sounding board' referred to above, which had not yet been removed at the date of the drawing.

The alterations to the pulpit were also recorded in the Board of Commissioners' minute notes for 10 December 1817: Soane was given orders 'that the Pulpit and Reading Desk be removed to the end of the Chapel and placed on each side of the Communion table, and that the space occupied by the present Pulpit and Reading Desk be formed into two Pews corresponding with the Chaplains Pew opposite'. The new pulpit was to be of the 'moveable' type.

Literature

Royal Hospital Chelsea: Board Minutes and Papers, January 1816-September 1818 (National Archives WO 250/377); C.G.T. Dean, The Royal Hospital, Chelsea, 1950, p.54-55

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).