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image Image 1 for SM (180) 67/1/20 (181) 67/1/22 (182) 67/1/21 (183) 67/1/23
image Image 2 for SM (180) 67/1/20 (181) 67/1/22 (182) 67/1/21 (183) 67/1/23
image Image 3 for SM (180) 67/1/20 (181) 67/1/22 (182) 67/1/21 (183) 67/1/23
image Image 4 for SM (180) 67/1/20 (181) 67/1/22 (182) 67/1/21 (183) 67/1/23
  • image Image 1 for SM (180) 67/1/20 (181) 67/1/22 (182) 67/1/21 (183) 67/1/23
  • image Image 2 for SM (180) 67/1/20 (181) 67/1/22 (182) 67/1/21 (183) 67/1/23
  • image Image 3 for SM (180) 67/1/20 (181) 67/1/22 (182) 67/1/21 (183) 67/1/23
  • image Image 4 for SM (180) 67/1/20 (181) 67/1/22 (182) 67/1/21 (183) 67/1/23

Reference number

SM (180) 67/1/20 (181) 67/1/22 (182) 67/1/21 (183) 67/1/23

Purpose

Record drawings, 1-6 July 1818 (4)

Aspect

180 Chelsea Hospital, Plan of the New Bake House 181 Chelsea Hospital, Elevation of the West Side of the Bake House 182 Chelsea Hospital, Elevation of the East Side of the Bake House 183 Chelsea Hospital, Elevation of the north and South sides of the Bake House

Scale

(180-183) bar scale

Inscribed

180 as above, labelled Built 1814-1815 and some dimensions given 181-182 as above and some dimensions given

Signed and dated

(180) 1st July 1818. (181) 3rd July 1818. (182) 4th July 1818. (183) 6th July 1818.

Hand

Soane office

Watermark

(180, 183) 1815

Notes

The plan shown in drawing 180 was made after the construction of the Bakehouse and differs slightly from the earlier design. Though still a one-storey building with the same number and spacing of windows, the plan now shows three rather than two rooms, with a passage dividing the drawing's south room. Drawing 180 also shows stairs: two sets (three steps each) leading from each entrance. Another set of longer stairs has been added to the south-east corner, possibly leading to attic (which must have been for storage only, as there are no windows). There is also an extra room, projecting from the west side, which was not included on the earlier plan - a plan in the National Archives collection (PRO work 31/241) shows this additional room labelled 'oven'.

Two further drawings showing the design development of the Bakehouse plan can be found in the SM Archives (Priv.Corr.IX.J.27-30). The first shows a rough pencil sketch introducing the corridor (creating the two south rooms). This is undated but most likely to be an early design (post-dating drawing 173). The second drawing (again a pencil sketch) shows all three rooms as well as the west extension shown in drawing 180. This is dated to 30 June 1818 and therefore seems more likely to be a preliminary record drawing (drawing 180 being its finished version).

The elevations shown in drawings 182 and 183 are very similar to the earlier elevations (drawings 174-175). Drawing 181 shows the oven added to the plan (drawing 180).

Drawings 182-183 all clearly show the dentillated cornice and chimney, discussed for drawings 174-177. The north front (drawing 183) shows, in section, the end wall of the partially demolished building between the Bakehouse and Wren's Guardhouse (see drawing 179).

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).