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image Image 1 for SM (19) volume 73/13 (20) volume 73/6 (21) volume 73/7
image Image 2 for SM (19) volume 73/13 (20) volume 73/6 (21) volume 73/7
image Image 3 for SM (19) volume 73/13 (20) volume 73/6 (21) volume 73/7
  • image Image 1 for SM (19) volume 73/13 (20) volume 73/6 (21) volume 73/7
  • image Image 2 for SM (19) volume 73/13 (20) volume 73/6 (21) volume 73/7
  • image Image 3 for SM (19) volume 73/13 (20) volume 73/6 (21) volume 73/7

Reference number

SM (19) volume 73/13 (20) volume 73/6 (21) volume 73/7

Purpose

Working drawings for the basement and foundations, April and May 1803 (3)

Aspect

19 Plan of the Basement Story; (verso) section showing the ground levels between the offices and the street 20 Plan of the Basement Story and elevation of an arcade of alternating large and small round-headed arches 21 Plan for the York Ledger foundations

Scale

(19-21) bar scale

Inscribed

19 as above, (Soane) Court (three times), Qy door, Trunk arch (three times), (pencil) Trunk / arch and dimensions in pen and pencil (verso, Soane) street, plan of / the wall, wall, half -- ---- (of hall?), 8':9" to centre of Vestibule, floor of Vestibule, further Centre of the Vestibule 8'9", Floor of offices and dimensions 20 as above, (Soane) Door, equal arches, 3 arches / as above, 1 large arc, Arc (twice), This passage to be crowned / with Yorkshire Ledger, 3 arches / as above, Qy these larger arches / or similar ones under the spaces / between the Colm / Qy which will give / most light?, 3 arch / as above and some dimensions given, (pencil) Qy Chimneys 21 (Soane) as above, Court (four times), The Bank and dimensions given

Signed and dated

(19) (Copy) / May 3rd 1803 (20) April 26: 1803 (21) April 26 1803

Hand

Soane office and Soane

Notes

Drawings 19 and 20 are alternative designs for the basement. Drawings 20 and 21 correspond with the ground floor design shown in drawings 8 to 10 whereas drawing 19 corresponds with drawings 11 and 12. The primary differences between the designs are the siting of the stairwell and, in most cases, the alcoves flanking the Princes Street entrance.

Drawing 19 has 'trunk arch' inscribed in Soane's hand to describe part of the vaulted corridors. The Architectural Publication Society’s Dictionary of architecture, published in 1852, defines a Trunk arch as 'one of which only the intrados, and not the face, is seen'. The arches in drawing 19 are 6'3" wide. 'Trunk arch' is also inscribed on drawings for the Consols Transfer Office (Sm volume 74/54, 57 & 59 (drawings 11, 14 & 16 in scheme 2:9).

Drawing 20 is also inscribed by Soane and concerns the York ledger foundations. Soane has written 'Qy which will give / most light?', indicating that he is mindful of providing the most light possible in the basement.

Literature

W. Papworth [ed], The Dictionary of architecture, published in parts 1848-1892, volume VIII.

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

If you have any further information about this object, please contact us: drawings@soane.org.uk

Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).