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image Image 1 for SM (17) volume 74/69 (18) volume 74/60 (19) volume 74/61 (20) volume 74/62 (21) volume 74/63 (22) volume 74/68
image Image 2 for SM (17) volume 74/69 (18) volume 74/60 (19) volume 74/61 (20) volume 74/62 (21) volume 74/63 (22) volume 74/68
image Image 3 for SM (17) volume 74/69 (18) volume 74/60 (19) volume 74/61 (20) volume 74/62 (21) volume 74/63 (22) volume 74/68
image Image 4 for SM (17) volume 74/69 (18) volume 74/60 (19) volume 74/61 (20) volume 74/62 (21) volume 74/63 (22) volume 74/68
image Image 5 for SM (17) volume 74/69 (18) volume 74/60 (19) volume 74/61 (20) volume 74/62 (21) volume 74/63 (22) volume 74/68
image Image 6 for SM (17) volume 74/69 (18) volume 74/60 (19) volume 74/61 (20) volume 74/62 (21) volume 74/63 (22) volume 74/68
  • image Image 1 for SM (17) volume 74/69 (18) volume 74/60 (19) volume 74/61 (20) volume 74/62 (21) volume 74/63 (22) volume 74/68
  • image Image 2 for SM (17) volume 74/69 (18) volume 74/60 (19) volume 74/61 (20) volume 74/62 (21) volume 74/63 (22) volume 74/68
  • image Image 3 for SM (17) volume 74/69 (18) volume 74/60 (19) volume 74/61 (20) volume 74/62 (21) volume 74/63 (22) volume 74/68
  • image Image 4 for SM (17) volume 74/69 (18) volume 74/60 (19) volume 74/61 (20) volume 74/62 (21) volume 74/63 (22) volume 74/68
  • image Image 5 for SM (17) volume 74/69 (18) volume 74/60 (19) volume 74/61 (20) volume 74/62 (21) volume 74/63 (22) volume 74/68
  • image Image 6 for SM (17) volume 74/69 (18) volume 74/60 (19) volume 74/61 (20) volume 74/62 (21) volume 74/63 (22) volume 74/68

Reference number

SM (17) volume 74/69 (18) volume 74/60 (19) volume 74/61 (20) volume 74/62 (21) volume 74/63 (22) volume 74/68

Purpose

Working drawings for the roof and vaulting, at different levels, 25 July 1798-7 February 1799 (6)

Aspect

17 Quarter Plan of One Angle, of the Transfer Office / at the Springing of the Upper Arches 18 The Plan of Half the chain barr under cornice of Transfer Office 19 Plan of Half the top of the Transfer Office showing the cross walls to support York paving and sketch of Brick springer & Ribs 20 Plan of Half the upper part of the Transfer Office showing the ribs on the arches and the chain barr under cornice 21 Plan of Half the top of Transfer Office with York paving on 22 (Bailey) Plan of the Roof of the Consol Transfer Office (at two levels), showing the cross wall vaulting of common stock brick and York paving above

Scale

(17-21) bar scale (22) to scale

Inscribed

17 as above, The Bank of England 18 as above, The Bank of England, North, West, South, part over low trunk arch (twice), chain barr 1¼ sqr, groined arch (six times), great trunk arch (twice), dimensions given 19 as above, The Bank of England, cross wall (thirty three times) / common stocks (twice), Rib, stone cornice (three times), brick springer (twice), wall (three times), stone cirb of skylights, pipe (twice), landing, springer / of rib (twice), 2nd stocks (twice), diagonal rib / 2nd stocks, york stone (five times) solid / springer 2nd stocks, springer / of 9" rib, dimensions given 20 as above, The Bank of England, North, East, South, Groin arch (four times), yorkshire stone (forty two times), solid spandril (ten times), springer of ribs (four times), iron tye (eight times), flue (five times), chain barr (six times), springer (eight times), arch stone / of window (three times), Trunk arch (twice), arch springing from pilaster, rib of / 2nd stock (four times), dome (twice), Portland paving under cirb, Portland cirb (twice) of skylight, Note: on the West Groin an Iron / Tye in placed from A to B 1in sqr, dimensions given 21 as above, The Bank of England, from principle office, from -----le [illegible] office, a key of A A sham flues / B B flues from the piers / C flue from basement, pipe, d--- [illegible] of cornice, blockd, some dimensions given 22 as above, The Bank of England

Signed and dated

(17) 25th July 1798 (18-21) Lincolns Inn Fields Febry 7 1799 (22) datable to 1799

Hand

Soane office

Notes

The drawings show the vaulting of the hall at different levels built of stone and brick, with iron tie-rods and chain bars inset into the upper impost level and around the pendentive dome's oculus, providing additional strength.

C. R. Cockerell (1788-1863) (Soane's successor at the Bank) describes the novel and curious device that Soane employed to give further support to the groined vaulting in the end-bays, which is demonstrated in drawings 20. 'An iron strap was passed behind and along the diagonal ridge, separating the spandrils or segments of the groin, and attached to the central end of the ridge and carried down under the stones of the impost pier, in order that their weight might tie that end of the iron securely, and resist any shrinking of the groin' (D. Abramson, 'C. R. Cockerell's 'Architectural progress of the Bank of England', Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain, 37, 1994, p. 125).

Drawings 18-22 are part of a comprehensive collection of mainly working drawings, many of which have been pricked for transfer. They are, with others, pasted onto the leaves of volume 74 which contains 144 drawings and is inscribed on the spine; Bank Stock Office etc Part III. The drawings are arranged thematically and within the volume, eleven of them (affixed to pp. 52-56, 58-63) are dated 7 February 1799. The suggestion is that volume 74 consists of a set of copies kept in the drawing office at the Bank for reference by the Clerk of Works, a position held by Walter Payne from 1789 until his resignation in 1833. There had been a drawing office on site since 1789.
There is another plan of the roof in the collection which was used as an illustration in Soane's twelfth Royal Academy lecture from the second series about construction on 12 March 1815 (SM 11/6/2). It is a more finished version of drawing 20, showing cross-wall vaulting, arch-ribs and iron tie-rods, as executed.

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

If you have any further information about this object, please contact us: drawings@soane.org.uk

Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).