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Reference number

SM (3) volume 60/15 (4) volume 60/16 (5) volume 60/11 (6) volume 60/18 (7) volume 60/17 (8) volume 60/13 (9) volume 60/12 (10) volume 60/10

Purpose

Preliminary alternative designs for the south and east sides, October 1797 (8)

Aspect

3 Perspective looking south of the Court, showing semicircular headed entrance between twin Corinthian columns raised on ornamented pedestals and, to the east, twin Corinthian columns in antis raised on a pedestal between semicircular arched entrances 4 Perspective looking east showing design as in drawing 3 but omitting windows in the east side basement 5 Perspective as in drawing 4 6 Perspective looking south showing design as in drawing 4 but with tripartite windows to either side of the south gate and to the east a parapet 7 Perspective looking south showing design as in drawing 4 but gateway is flanked to either side by single column and a sculpted lion raised on a pedestal 8 Perspective looking south as in drawing 3 but with figurative statues above each attic pilaster 9 Perspective as in drawing 3, with panels between the pilasters on the south attic 10 Perspective as in drawing 8 with scrolled acroteria above the south attic

Inscribed

3 Shewn to the Comee: of Building / & approved of by them Octr. 10. 97 / Present Mr Governor / Mr Darell / Mr Giles / Mr Bosanquet, Bank of England 5 Designs for the Lothbury Court, Bank 6 Designs for the Lothbury Court. Bank of England. 8 The Lothbury Court / Bank of England 9 View of a Design for the Lothbury Court 10 Bank

Signed and dated

(3) Lincoln's Inn Fields Octr 3d 1797 (5) L.I.F. Oct 3d 1797 (6) Octr 1797 (8) Oct 1797 (9) Oct 1797 (10) Oct 10 1797

Hand

Soane office

Notes

From its earliest stage of design, the south side of Lothbury Court took on the form of a triumphal arch. The motif gives a prominent and ceremonious character to this gateway that led into the restricted Bullion Court. In 1817 Soane lectured on the ‘indiscriminate imitation or copying of Roman triumphal arches’ and, in a passage crossed out and probably never delivered, he criticised his own misuse of the motif at Lothbury because it was ‘not for heroes to pass under but for waggons loaded with gold and silver’. Nonetheless, Soane used the motif again on the front of his house at Pitzhanger (1800-1808). Both at Pitzhanger and Lothbury Court, the executed arch consisted of columns projecting forward. The Forum of Nerva in Rome (97 AD) is the first use of columns breaking forward for purely decorative purposes.

In drawings 3 to 10, the designs experiment with variations in columniation and attic. The arch form becomes less apparent; instead of a unified gateway, the elevation is reduced to a single plane disrupted only by two projecting orders. On either side of the gateway is a projecting base surmounted by columns and entablature.

Level

Drawing

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