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image Image 1 for SM (100) volume 81/23 (101) volume 81/17 (102) volume 81/18 (103) volume 81/19 (104) volume 81/20 (105) volume 81/21
image Image 2 for SM (100) volume 81/23 (101) volume 81/17 (102) volume 81/18 (103) volume 81/19 (104) volume 81/20 (105) volume 81/21
image Image 3 for SM (100) volume 81/23 (101) volume 81/17 (102) volume 81/18 (103) volume 81/19 (104) volume 81/20 (105) volume 81/21
image Image 4 for SM (100) volume 81/23 (101) volume 81/17 (102) volume 81/18 (103) volume 81/19 (104) volume 81/20 (105) volume 81/21
image Image 5 for SM (100) volume 81/23 (101) volume 81/17 (102) volume 81/18 (103) volume 81/19 (104) volume 81/20 (105) volume 81/21
image Image 6 for SM (100) volume 81/23 (101) volume 81/17 (102) volume 81/18 (103) volume 81/19 (104) volume 81/20 (105) volume 81/21
  • image Image 1 for SM (100) volume 81/23 (101) volume 81/17 (102) volume 81/18 (103) volume 81/19 (104) volume 81/20 (105) volume 81/21
  • image Image 2 for SM (100) volume 81/23 (101) volume 81/17 (102) volume 81/18 (103) volume 81/19 (104) volume 81/20 (105) volume 81/21
  • image Image 3 for SM (100) volume 81/23 (101) volume 81/17 (102) volume 81/18 (103) volume 81/19 (104) volume 81/20 (105) volume 81/21
  • image Image 4 for SM (100) volume 81/23 (101) volume 81/17 (102) volume 81/18 (103) volume 81/19 (104) volume 81/20 (105) volume 81/21
  • image Image 5 for SM (100) volume 81/23 (101) volume 81/17 (102) volume 81/18 (103) volume 81/19 (104) volume 81/20 (105) volume 81/21
  • image Image 6 for SM (100) volume 81/23 (101) volume 81/17 (102) volume 81/18 (103) volume 81/19 (104) volume 81/20 (105) volume 81/21

Reference number

SM (100) volume 81/23 (101) volume 81/17 (102) volume 81/18 (103) volume 81/19 (104) volume 81/20 (105) volume 81/21

Purpose

Progress drawings, August to September 1812 (6)

Aspect

100 Interior perspective of Mausoleum under construction with pupil drawing 101 Perspective of west front and Mausoleum 102 Perspective of east front 103 View of lead melting 104 Bird's eye view of west front from the south 105 Perspective of west front from Gallery road

Signed and dated

(100-101) datable to August 1812 (102) August 12 1812 (103) August 12th 1812 (104) R.C. Augst 13th 1812 (105) (pencil) R C Sepr 2nd 1812

Medium and dimensions

(100) Pencil and coloured washes, watercolour technique, shaded on laid paper (235 x 165) (101) pencil and coloured washes, watercolour technique, shaded within a double-ruled black wash border on laid paper (201 x 325) (102-105) pencil and coloured washes, watercolour technique, shaded within a single-ruled black wash border on laid paper (196 x 358, 235 x 350, 210 x 277, 220 x 377)

Hand

(100-101) Soane office (102-103) George Basevi or George Allen Underwood (both pupils recorded in the Day Book entry for 12 August 1812) (104-105) Robert Dennis Chantrell (1793-1872, pupil 1807-1814)

Watermark

(100, 103) not visible (101, 105) fleur-de-lis within crowned cartouche and below, GJ (102) J Whatman 1811 (104) G Jones 1809

Notes

Pupils worked in pairs on site and thus the appearance of one of Soane's pupils drawn by another as seen in drawing 100. This view appears to have been taken from the burial chamber of the Mausoleum through to the antechamber and thence to the Gallery behind. The dome of the Mausoleum antechamber is now plastered. William Rothwell had plastered the dome in July and the ornamental plasterwork was to be executed by J and J Bayley, who were paid a total of £390.8.5 for their work.

Drawing 102 reveals that despite the fact that the east arcade linking the Gallery to the college was never executed the original design is reflected in the large blind arches in low relief running along the entire east front of the Gallery.

Drawing 103 usefully illustrates one aspect of the plumber's trade. Namely, the re-use of old lead by melting so as to provide the material for pipes, flashings, gutters and other leadwork. William Good, who was paid £777.16.3 and Lancelot Burton, who was paid £385.14.3, were employed as the plumbers. It is recorded that on April 18, June 9 and 24, and July 10 Good was 'cramping lead' and on August 18 Burton had a 'carriage home of old lead and cuttings'.

Drawings 104 and 105 show the external structure of the new Gallery almost complete, apart from the windows and doors of the almshouses. The slated roofs were covered at the beginning of August 1812 by W. and J. Sharpe, who were paid £39.13.1 for their work.

The information about the tradesmen is from the building accounts, SM Bill Book G, folios 413-442.

Literature

(100, 103) C. Davies, 'Masters of building: the first independent purpose-built picture gallery: Dulwich Picture Gallery', Architect's Journal, April 1984, pp. 55 & 65; (100) M. Richardson & M. Stevens (ed.), John Soane architect: master of space and light, Royal Academy of Arts, 1999, pp. 182-183; (100-105) F. Nevola, Soane's favourite subject: the story of Dulwich Picture Gallery, 2000, (100) pp. 106 & 193; (101) pp. 107 & 193; (102) pp. 108 & 193; (103) pp. 109 & 193; (104) pp. 110 & 193; (105) pp. 111 & 193

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

If you have any further information about this object, please contact us: drawings@soane.org.uk

Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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