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image Image 1 for SM (36) 65/4/25 (37) 65/4/26 (38) 65/4/27 (39) 15/2/2
image Image 2 for SM (36) 65/4/25 (37) 65/4/26 (38) 65/4/27 (39) 15/2/2
image Image 3 for SM (36) 65/4/25 (37) 65/4/26 (38) 65/4/27 (39) 15/2/2
image Image 4 for SM (36) 65/4/25 (37) 65/4/26 (38) 65/4/27 (39) 15/2/2
  • image Image 1 for SM (36) 65/4/25 (37) 65/4/26 (38) 65/4/27 (39) 15/2/2
  • image Image 2 for SM (36) 65/4/25 (37) 65/4/26 (38) 65/4/27 (39) 15/2/2
  • image Image 3 for SM (36) 65/4/25 (37) 65/4/26 (38) 65/4/27 (39) 15/2/2
  • image Image 4 for SM (36) 65/4/25 (37) 65/4/26 (38) 65/4/27 (39) 15/2/2

Reference number

SM (36) 65/4/25 (37) 65/4/26 (38) 65/4/27 (39) 15/2/2

Purpose

Preliminary design and presentation drawings for alternative designs of Mausoleum, one possibly exhibited at the Royal Academy (4)

Aspect

36-39 Perspectives of the east front and Mausoleum with lantern above

Inscribed

36 View from the Great Quadrangle of Dulwich College / showing the proposed design for the Mausoleum of / the late Sir Francis Bourgeois, & the Gallery / to contain the Pictures left by him to Dulwich College 37 Dulwich College 39 (yellow wash) View of a design for a Mausoleum to the memory of Sir Francis Bourgeois / and a Gallery for the reception of his collection of pictures bequeathed to Dulwich College

Signed and dated

(36) (Soane) L. I. Fields / 21 July 1811 (37) Lincolns Inn Fields / July 22 1811 (38) datable to July 1811 (39) datable to July 1811- 1812

Medium and dimensions

(36) Pen and sepia wash, within a single-ruled sepia wash border on laid paper (276 x 440) (37) pen and coloured washes, watercolour technique, shaded, within a five-ruled pen and sepia and black wash border on wove paper (302 x 445) (38) pen and coloured washes, watercolour technique, shaded, within a quadruple-ruled pen and sepia and black wash border on wove paper (298 x 442) (39) pencil and coloured washes, watercolour technique, shaded, within a five-ruled pen and raw umber and black wash on thick wove paper (433 x 574)

Hand

(36) Soane (37) pupil (George Bailey, George Allen Underwood, George Basevi and John Buxton recorded drawing views of Dulwich in the Day Book entry for 22 July 1811) (38) Soane office (39) Joseph Michael Gandy (1771-1843) (see note below)

Watermark

(36) A Stace 1798

Notes

These are the first drawings to show the alternative designs for the exterior of the Mausoleum; on plan as a cruciform projection with three false doors, one on each exposed side, crowned by scrolled acroterion. Above the burial chamber is the lantern. There are variations in the decoration of the Mausoleum, such as the position of the cinerary urns and the size of the canopy dome of the lantern. The dome is crowned by a stele, used in Greek architecture to mark a grave, which contributes further to the sepulchral atmosphere of the monument. In the top left hand corner of drawing 37 there is a rough pencil drawing, in Soane's hand, for an urn. These drawings demonstrate that the Mausoleum has become a principal feature of the new wing. The lantern towers above the height of the Gallery.

Drawing 36 is a preparatory perspective for the presentation views of drawings 37-39. It is a sketch design, drawn by Soane, which he then would have explained before handing the drawing over to a pupil to draw up to scale as a finished design.

Drawing 39 is possibly the drawing exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1812 (RA No. 810). It was titled 'Design for a Mausoleum to the memory of Sir F. Bourgeois, and a Gallery for the reception of his collection of pictures bequeathed to Dulwich College' (A. Graves, The Royal Academy of Arts: a complete dictionary of contributors and their work, from its foundation in 1769 to 1904, 1970, pp. 201). Although it is close to drawings 36-38 from July 1811, it is possible that this perspective was drawn at a later date in 1812 for exhibition to illustrate an attractive design. It is drawn on a smaller sheet of paper and then mounted onto a larger sheet as a border for presentation. It was drawn by Joseph Michael Gandy, who was an assistant in the office from 1798 to 1801 and then he became an architectural perspective draughtsman and colourist until 1830. Soane does record in his note book entry for 12 October 1812 'Mr Gandy sent me a draw'g of D. Gall: as a present'.

These views also include the arcade seen in the previous plans, drawings 33-35, as a series of unadorned aches running along the east front.

Literature

F. Nevola, Soane's favourite subject: the story of Dulwich Picture Gallery, 2000, (36) pp. 50 & 182; (37) pp. 51 & 182-183; (38) pp. 52 & 183; (39) pp. 59 & 184

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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