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image Image 1 for SM (45) volume 60/189 (46) volume 60/101 (47) volume 60/102
image Image 2 for SM (45) volume 60/189 (46) volume 60/101 (47) volume 60/102
image Image 3 for SM (45) volume 60/189 (46) volume 60/101 (47) volume 60/102
  • image Image 1 for SM (45) volume 60/189 (46) volume 60/101 (47) volume 60/102
  • image Image 2 for SM (45) volume 60/189 (46) volume 60/101 (47) volume 60/102
  • image Image 3 for SM (45) volume 60/189 (46) volume 60/101 (47) volume 60/102

Reference number

SM (45) volume 60/189 (46) volume 60/101 (47) volume 60/102

Purpose

Drawings of the monument made in preparation for engraving by C. J. Richardson and J. M. Gandy, 17-18 January 1828 (3)

Aspect

45 View from south-west with shrubs and trees in the planting compartments that partly obscure the canopy and four-sided aedicule 46 Rough plan of monument to a reduced scale, perspectival elevation of the front of canopy and aedicule and perspective from the north and (verso) rough (pencil) plan, front elevation of aedicule and perspective from north-west 47 Plan of monument, and perspectival elevation of the front of canopy and aedicule which shows skeletons as in drawing 46 but with the addition of a hand emerging from a cloud (God) and (verso, pencil) rough plan and perspective

Scale

(46) (pencil) bar scale marked in 1/8 divisions (47) (pencil) bar scale marked in 1/8 and 1/3 (sic) divisions, a second bar scale marked in 1/9 divisions

Inscribed

45 (feint pencil) continued / -- (illegible)

Signed and dated

(45) Jany 18 1827 (in fact, 1828) (46) (pencil) Jany 17. 1828 (47) (pencil) Jany 18. 1828

Medium and dimensions

(45) Pencil on wove paper (249 x 174) (46) pencil, brown pen and warm sepia wash within a single brush and sepia wash border on laid paper (447 x 290) (47) pencil on laid paper within a pencil-ruled border (443 x 297)

Hand

(45) Charles James Richardson (1809-71, pupil and assistant 1824-37) (46-47 ) Joseph Michael Gandy (1771-1843)

Watermark

(45) C Ansett 1821 (46) fleur-de-lis above cartouche with bar and below, ornate CA

Notes

45 The office Day Book has an entry dated 19 January 1828: 'Making a sketch of the Domus Aeterna in the burying ground near St Pancras Church / Richardson'.

46 In this striking illustration two skeletons, suspended above the four-sided aedicule, each holding an hour glass and hurling an arrow downwards have been added, as have a cluster of five stars in the tympanum. Framed by panel piers, the focus is on the aedicule; swift brush strokes suggest clouds and a heavenly radiance. See drawing 20 for a finished perspective by J.M.Gandy, 1816, that also shows a skeleton.

47 The small plan shows shrubs in the planting area and, interestingly, twelve steps between the gate and the vault, drawn with heavier, lighter and dotted lines in a way that suggests descent. See Note to drawings 9-12 regarding whether a stair was built or not. It is interesting that Gandy adds skeletons, Hand of God and stars that were not on the executed scheme and thus may perhaps have added an unbuilt stair.

In 1828 Soane published a resumé of his career, Designs for public and private buildings, that concluded with a 'Plan of the Monument' as shown on drawing 47; an elevation of the west face of the four-sided aedicule with the additions shown in drawing 47; and a view from the west without the trees and shrubs shown in drawing 45. The layout of the three drawings engraved on plate 54 is the same as that shown on drawing 46.

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

If you have any further information about this object, please contact us: drawings@soane.org.uk

Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).