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image Image 1 for SM (1) 9/3/2 (2) 9/3/5
image Image 2 for SM (1) 9/3/2 (2) 9/3/5
  • image Image 1 for SM (1) 9/3/2 (2) 9/3/5
  • image Image 2 for SM (1) 9/3/2 (2) 9/3/5

Reference number

SM (1) 9/3/2 (2) 9/3/5

Purpose

Survey drawings of the existing Bank and adjoining properties, one dated December 1792 (2) ***

Aspect

1 Ground plan of the north part of the Bank and adjacent properties 2 Ground plan of the north-west part of the Bank and adjacent properties

Scale

(1-2) bar scale

Inscribed

1 Lothbury finish at No. 36, (pencil) Mr Danson, No 9 Mr (illegible), plan labelled: Bartholomew Lane, Lothbury, Princes Street, Bank Stock Office, Accountants Office, Passage from the Bank into Barthol[mew] Lane, Bank, Pollard, Lake Engraver, G&H / Gunmaker, Jones Cheesemonger, Barton / Tallow Chandler, Yard, Cox Baker £30, Henderson, Mr Whieldon @ 90 Guineas, Yard, Sharp / Hair dresser / Gateway, Hobson & Marriett / Hardware men, Yard, Court, Falcon Court, Acton Painter, Passage, Bank (five times), Bake ---[illegible], Nicholson Baker, Passages, Butchers Shop, Yard, with No on some holdings, and with dimensions given 2 The Parts colored red belong to the Bank / The Parts colored Blue belong to Mr Priest, plan of existing Bank labelled: Court yard, Accountants Office, drawing / Accounts Office, deputy Acct Office, Library, Yard, Discount Office, Chancery Office, Mr Edwards Room, Coffee Room, Strong Room, Waiting Room, Water Closet, Yard, Governor's / Room, Barrack Room, Court Room, Committee Room, Office Room, plan of holdings labelled: Catharine Court, Brealy, Passage, Mr Aubin, Clements / China Shop, Price / Cock and Bottle, Bakehouse, Nicholas Baker, Passage, Yard (three times), Butchers, Trunkmaker, Mr Newland / now Mr Mudge, (Bailey) Plan of part of the Bank of England, and dimensions of each holding given

Signed and dated

(1) John Soane Decr 27. 1792

Medium and dimensions

(1) Pen, coloured washes and pencil, within single ruled border, on laid paper (520 x 361) (2) Pen, grey, blue and red washes, and pencil, within single ruled border, on wove paper (645 x 535)

Hand

Soane office

Verso

Drawing has been inlaid on another sheet, but the verso is visible.
insc: Bank of England / Plan of premises / Lothbury [through?] Barth / Lane & c. abutting on the / Bank presented / to the Committee / Decr 27 1792

Notes

The land to the north-east was a warren of houses, courts and passages. In this era of protests and riots, such a dense cluster of buildings so near to the Bank's walls was a source of anxiety. The bill submitted by the Bank to Parliament in 1793 (and approved) referred to the houses' flammability and the "various hazardous trades" that they harboured. Drawings 1 and 2 show the density of the area and its proximity to the Bank. Circulation of traffic was also hampered by the disorderly layout; drawing 1 shows that the north end of Bartholomew Lane was largely obstructed by houses projecting into the street. Once the land was obtained, the streets could be widened and the houses demolished. After Bartholomew Lane was straightened, however, there remained an 'island' of rubble or houses (see drawings 3-5). On 12 June 1798 the Building Committee moved to 'pull down the houses on Bartholomew Lane', presumably referring to this last remnant of buildings.

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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