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image SM 45/1/18

Reference number

SM 45/1/18


Preliminary design


Plan with revisions and rough alternative plan


bar scale of 1/11 in to 1 ft


Labelled (pencil) Cold, Hall, Dressg / Ro and (by G.Bailey, curator 1837-60) Plan of a Design for a Bath

Medium and dimensions

Pencil, pen and sepia wash, pricked for transfer, within single ruled border on laid paper (521 x 350)




J Whatman


Overall, the plan is triangular with three concave sides (each fronted by a distyle portico in antis) terminating in three rectangular pavilions. Internally, the centre is a circle with three apsidal ends linked to pavilions that house a hall, a cold bath and a hot bath. Pencil amendments make the concave sides straight while the rough alternative plan has three triangular pavilions and straight sides.

Soane used a simpler triangular plan for his design for a dog house see (under Soane's early works) Downhill: County Derry, Northern Ireland: unexecuted alternative designs for a doghouse for Frederick Hervey, Bishop of Derry and 4th Earl of Bristol, 1778-9 and later (4)

And another triangular plan was employed for a prospect tower at Tortworth, Gloucestershire c. 1796 see P.du Prey, Sir John Soane, 1985 in series of 'Catalogues of architectural drawings in the Victoria and Albert Museum) catalogue 118.

Jill Lever, September 2005



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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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