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image Image 1 for SM (22) 1/3/17 (23) 1/6/16
image Image 2 for SM (22) 1/3/17 (23) 1/6/16
  • image Image 1 for SM (22) 1/3/17 (23) 1/6/16
  • image Image 2 for SM (22) 1/3/17 (23) 1/6/16

Reference number

SM (22) 1/3/17 (23) 1/6/16

Purpose

Survey of Tokenhouse Yard, after 1799 (2)

Aspect

22-23 Plan shewing the Houses in Tokenhouse Yard belonging to the Governor & Company of the Bank of England

Scale

(22-23) bar scale

Inscribed

22 as above (Bailey), Token House Yard, Houses, Yards before the Houses, Bank, Gateway, Court yard, Church yard, Church, Church Court, Lothbury, Bank, and with some dimensions of the street frontage of each house, (pencil, different hand) a lease rate on each house 23 as above, Part of the Bank of England, St Margarets Church and Mr Marship, Lease beside some houses, Tokenhouse Yard, Lothbury, (pencil, different hand) a lease rate on each house

Signed and dated

  • (22-23) after 1799

Hand

Soane office

Watermark

(22) J Whatman 1794 (23) (sheet trimmed) US 1806

Notes

In February 1799 the Bank purchased Lord Lansdowne's property in Tokenhouse Yard. The Bank paid £12,000, the price at which George Dance had valued the property for Lord Lansdowne. The property consisted of one street lined with 21 houses and a warehouse. The houses on the east side were of better quality, with courtyards and brick walls before them. All of the buildings had been erected immediately after the Great Fire. Before altering Princes Street for its north-west expansion, the Bank had little opportunity to expand; its buildings had expanded to the boundaries of the encompassing streets. Tokenhouse Yard was initially purchased as extra office space for the Bank. The extra office space was of course not necessary after Soane secured permission to alter Princes Street and expand the Bank to the north-west. The properties were leased out until September 1824 when they were sold to Mr Lewis Loyd for £14,000.

Literature

M. Acres, The Bank of England from within, Oxford, 1931. pp. 396-7

Level

Drawing

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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