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image SM 45/1/23

Reference number

SM 45/1/23

Purpose

Late design, 1794 or after

Aspect

13 Ground plan with some amendments

Scale

bar scale of 1/16in to 1 ft

Inscribed

dimensions given including (of domed hall) 62':0" Diamr and (pencil) calculations

Medium and dimensions

Pen and sepia washes, pencil within quadruple ruled and wash border on laid paper (706 x 500)

Hand

Soane

Watermark

I Taylor, fleur-de-lis within crowned cartouche with 1794 below

Notes

Dance's sketch designs (drawing 1) have a trefoil building within a trefoil terrace; and a circle on a square with three apses within a trefoil terrace, Soane's sketch design (drawing 2) has a trefoil plan. The published plan, in Sketches in architecture ... 1793 (plates xxxviii-xxxix), took the first design stretching the apse opposite the entrance to 35 feet long and balancing it with a terrace on the same plan. The whole structure was enclosed within an oval walled terrace with segmental stairs at each end. The fourth plan (drawing 13) elongated the 35 foot long apse to 65 feet giving a phallic form to the plan of the building that is now enclosed by terraces on an elongated trefoil (or assymetrical quatrefoil) plan incorporating a wall with niches, stairs and four pyramids 32:6 square. And is essentially the plan published in Soane's Designs public and private, 1832, plate xxxiv. Almost every part of the plan is compass-drawn.
In this drawing, Soane has added (in pencil) Roman-style cinerary urns on each corner of the pyramids; corresponding with another twelve ranged around the terrace, and places pedestals for statues against the building. Thus this plan relates to the later and more elaborate design recorded by drawings 14 and 15.

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

If you have any further information about this object, please contact us: drawings@soane.org.uk

Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).