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Reference number

SM (22) 28/7/24 (23) 28/7/25 (24) 28/7/23 (25) 28/7/17 (26) 28/7/18 (27) 28/7/19 (28) 28/7/21 (29) 28/7/20 (30) 28/7/22 (31) 77/1/69

Purpose

Set of working drawings: plans, elevations and sections for the house on cartridge paper, 1785 (10)

Aspect

22 Plan of the Principal Floor
23 Plan of the Chamber Floor, the secondary stair labelled 2 Revolutions and 1st Step, A B C D, and with (Soane) rough plan of secondary stair and rough detail of pediment
24 Plan of the Basement Story
25 Entrance front / Elevation with some dimensions given and No 4
26 East elevation, inscribed and cancelled North front and No 5
27 South elevation, No6, (feint pencil note) set out the ------[illegible] the plinth
28 Unfinished south elevation
29 North Front next the Offices and No 7
30 South/north section 31 Section of the through part of the Roof &c &c over the Eating Parlor and labelled Part of Great Staircase, Landing of Chamber Story, Raftersand dimensions given

Scale

(22-29) bar scale of ¼ in to 1 ft approximately

Inscribed

as above, (22-30) (George Bailey, Soane Museum curator 1837-60) B.G.Dillingham Esqre, Letton Hall, versos of 22-30 (Baldwin) Mr Dillingham / Plan of Basement Floor ... Section of Letton Hall

Signed and dated

(31) July 7th 1785 Margaret Street

Medium and dimensions

(22-31) Pen, pencil on coarse cartridge paper with two fold marks, drawing 29 with brown washes and several fold marks; (22-24) 600 x 490 average; (25-29) 450 x 560 average; (30) 393 x 611; (31) 521 x 422

Hand

(22-31) John Sanders (pupil 1784-90), some titles added later by George Bailey (Soane Museum curator, 1837-60), inscriptions on versos by Robert Baldwin (fl.1762-c.1804)

Notes

These ten drawings were made on cartridge paper. Patented in 1747 by Josias Johannot of Paul's Cray, Kent, it was (as the name implies) initially manufactured for wrapping powder and shot and then also became used as a general wrapping paper until artists and architects, attracted by its strength, rugged surface and warm buff tone began using it as a drawing paper. Sanders would probably have been asked to make two sets of drawings - one for the workmen on site and the other as an office record of what had been given to the builder and that might also be taken on site visits. The information on the drawings (22-9), drawn to the same scale, gives the essentials; the layout of each of the floors with their stairs, and the location, height and width of external door and window openings. The details of fittings, drawn to a larger scale including full size, would follow. Drawing 31, made for the carpenter, has more detailed information showing, for example, a king post truss.

Level

Drawing

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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