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image Image 1 for SM (1) 79/1/9 (2) 79/1/8 (3) 79/1/6 recto and verso
image Image 2 for SM (1) 79/1/9 (2) 79/1/8 (3) 79/1/6 recto and verso
image Image 3 for SM (1) 79/1/9 (2) 79/1/8 (3) 79/1/6 recto and verso
image Image 4 for SM (1) 79/1/9 (2) 79/1/8 (3) 79/1/6 recto and verso
image Image 5 for SM (1) 79/1/9 (2) 79/1/8 (3) 79/1/6 recto and verso
image Image 6 for SM (1) 79/1/9 (2) 79/1/8 (3) 79/1/6 recto and verso
  • image Image 1 for SM (1) 79/1/9 (2) 79/1/8 (3) 79/1/6 recto and verso
  • image Image 2 for SM (1) 79/1/9 (2) 79/1/8 (3) 79/1/6 recto and verso
  • image Image 3 for SM (1) 79/1/9 (2) 79/1/8 (3) 79/1/6 recto and verso
  • image Image 4 for SM (1) 79/1/9 (2) 79/1/8 (3) 79/1/6 recto and verso
  • image Image 5 for SM (1) 79/1/9 (2) 79/1/8 (3) 79/1/6 recto and verso
  • image Image 6 for SM (1) 79/1/9 (2) 79/1/8 (3) 79/1/6 recto and verso

Reference number

SM (1) 79/1/9 (2) 79/1/8 (3) 79/1/6 recto and verso

Purpose

1-3 Contract drawings and working drawings, March and September 1783

Aspect

1 Elevation of a Design for a Stone Bridge, at Black Fryers, in the City of Norwich and Plan of the Superstructure 2 Elevation of a Design for a Stone Bridge / at Black Fryers Norwich [from the other side] and Plan of the Foundation 3 Plans and elevation of iron railings and cornice and alternative elevations of lamp holders (verso) full size detail of Cornice & Blocking

Scale

(1) bar scale of 1/4 in to 1 ft (approximately) (2) 1/4 in to 1 ft (approximately) (3) to a scale (verso) full size

Inscribed

1 as above, No 1, St Andrews Bridge Street, St Georges Bridge Street, Houses (3 times), Low Water, Common level of the Water, River, River Yare, The Footpath six Inches higher than the Coach Road, Footway 2 as above, Those parts coloured dark shew the old Abutments, & the dotted lines, the old Piers and (verso) No 3 3 Black Friars Bridge, Projection of Cornice, A. Pieces of the Cornice coming through & forming the Foot path / From B to C both in the Cornice & Ironwork to be circular as described in the larger Elevation (that is on the verso), labelled A A A C D E E F G and dimensions given (verso) labelled The bars to be 1½Inch at / bottom & at top 1¼, Wrought Iron, Part of one of the upright / Cast Iron, Wrought Iron, Bars and (feint pencil) BLACK FRIARS BRIDGE

Signed and dated

(1-2) J Soane Archt and John De Carle (verso) This is one of the drawings referr'd to in the Agreement with Mr De Carle / J Soane (1) March 1783 (3) Sept 2d 1783

Medium and dimensions

(1-2) Pen, sepia, burnt umber, light blue, light pink, black washes, pencil, shaded, watercolour technique within double ruled and black wsash border on laid paper (464 x 679, 615 x 464) (3) pen and grey washes on coarse buff laid paper (288 x 492)

Hand

(1-2) Robert Baldwin (fl.1762-c.1804) (3) Soane

Watermark

(1) J Whatman, fleur-de-lis within crowned cartouche and ornate W below

Notes

The 'John De Carle' (John de Carle) that signed drawings 1 and 2 was a local mason whose estimate of £1,250 and Soane's design were accepted by the City Council of Norwich in April 1783.
A related drawing for the bridge is in the Victoria & Albert Museum (V&A 3307.105 and see P. du Prey, Sir John Soane, 1985, in series of 'Catalogues of architectural drawings in the Victoria and Albert Museum', catalogue 85). It is a copy of a lost original with sections and details that show the construction including the shuttering and a method of weighting the hollow centres of the voussoirs of the arch with six-pound blocks of iron. 'This tends to wedge them more tightly together. The joggled joints between the stones are fastened by added pressure from iron clamps'. (du Prey, op.cit, 1982, p.236). A report made for the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (29 January 1931, SM green box files) describes the sound state of the bridge and comments on the over-engineered aspects of Soane's design 'betray[ing] a curious want of confidence in good portland stone masonry when applied to bridge building'.
Soane exhibited a design for 'Blackfriars Bridge, Norwich' at the Royal Academy in 1784. His Plans, elevations and sections of buildings published in 1788 (plate 43) has an 'improved' elevation which shows a more elegantly symmetrical approach than the site permitted. The bridge with its single elliptical arch was built in St George's Street over the River Wensum, an affluent of the River Yare. Widened (1931) and without its original ironwork, the bridge, which was opened in the spring of 1784, continues in use.

For an unexecuted design for a bridge at Hellesdon near Norwich see Norwich, Norfolk: unexecuted design for a bridge, 1785

See also SM Soane Notebooks 6-10. The first entry for the bridge (7 April 1783) notes that 'General Assembly unanimously agreed to Design & Estimate &c and order the immediate execution. Gave directions to De Carle to pull down the old Bridge'.

Literature

P. du Prey, John Soane: the making of an architect, 1982, pp.12,18,232-7,244; D.Stroud, Sir John Soane, architect, 2nd ed., 1996, pp.119,241

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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