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image Image 1 for SM (5) 13/1/11 (6) 13/1/12 (7) 13/1/13 (8) 13/1/14 (9) 13/1/15
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image Image 10 for SM (5) 13/1/11 (6) 13/1/12 (7) 13/1/13 (8) 13/1/14 (9) 13/1/15
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Reference number

SM (5) 13/1/11 (6) 13/1/12 (7) 13/1/13 (8) 13/1/14 (9) 13/1/15

Purpose

Copies to different reduced scales of competition entry for women's prison, 1782 or later (5)

Aspect

5 THE GROVND FLOOR OF A DESIGN FOR A PENITENTIARY HOVSE FOR CCC FEMALES
6 First floor plan
7 PLAN OF THE ATTIC STORY CONTAINING THE INFIRMARY
8 THE ELEVATION NEXT THE THAMES and THE ELEVATION NEXT THE ROAd
9 Two elevations / sections that are reduced copies of drawings 2 and 3

Scale

Drawings 5-9 are to different scales that are not always given except: bar scale of 1/32 in to 1 ft (drawing 5); bar scale of 1/24 in to 1 ft (drawing 9)

Inscribed

5 as above, General distribution of the Plans / The Prison is divided into three Classes / & in each Class are 102 seperate (sic) rooms / for the Convicts / 20 Working Rooms of Various dimensions / 21 Keepers Rooms, or Guard rooms / 1 Eating Room / An Apartment for the / sick. See the Plan of the / Attic Story / 3 Airing Courts / Washouse & Bath / 2 Privy Courts &c / The great Court being sub- / divided into three parts / no more than 34 prisoners / need ever be together / excepting at Meal times // Spaces between the Courts &c for the Prisoners / containg as follows / Kitchen & other Offices, seperate & / distinct to each Class / Brewhouse, Bakehouse, Store Cellars &c / common to the three Classes (continued on right-hand side) Chapel / The Chapel Court contains the Chapel / only, the three Classes are kept / seperate during divine Service & / indeed at all other times, as the / Act most justly directs them to be. / Reception Court / Is placed near the Entrance & / is entirely unconnected with any / other part of the Building. / Warehouse Court / Is also placed near the Entrance / without any connection with / the Prison / Governors house / Commands the view of every thing / that can be possibly be brought in / Matron & Apothecarys Apartmts / are placed opposite the Governors / house & may be enlarged if / necessary / NB. The Cartway leads to the every part of the Buildg and buildings labelled: CHAPEL with a room for the Chaplain, Class / the First (3 times), Class / the Second (3 times), Class / the Third (3 times), Cartway (5 times), Footway (6 times), Lodge (twice), Entrance Court, The / Reception Court, The / Warehouse Court, Kitchen Court / for the / Third Class, Brewhouse / and / Bakehouse Court, Kitchen Court / for the / First Class, Kitchen Court / for the / Second Class. Each 'Class' has an adjacent Privy Court with Privy and Sink (twice), Workg or Work Rooms, Eating Room, Bath, Washouse, Keeper room; on the periphery each of the 'Class' courts has: Coals / Wood &c, Cutting / Room, Kitchen, Scullery, Beer / Cellar while the warehouse court has vaulted Warehouse storage space, the reception court has 8 cells and a Bath and Oven / Room, the brewhouse and bakehouse court has a Store Cellr, Malt / room (twice), Brewhouse, Bakehouse and Meal / room. Outside the walls are two pairs of circular Watch towers 7 rooms labelled: A (twice), B, C (twice), D (twice), E, F (twice), G (twice), H, I (twice), there is no key

Signed and dated

datable to 1782 or after

Medium and dimensions

(5) Pen, sepia, warm sepia, raw umber, green washes within triple ruled and wash border on laid paper (477 x 687); (6) pen and wash within triple ruled and wash border on laid paper (472 x 692); (7) pen and wash on laid paper within double ruled and wash border (470 x 684); (8) pen, sepia, warm sepia and green washes within triple ruled and wash border (474 x 690): (9) pen, sepia and raw umber washes within double ruled and wash border on liad paper (474 x 685). Drawings 5 to 9 have some pricking through for transfer

Hand

Robert Baldwin (fl.1762-c.1804), some inscriptions by Soane (drawing 5)

Watermark

5-9 J Whatman, fleur-de-lis within crowned cartouche with W below

Notes

That these are copies rather than the original competition designs is shown by the scale which is not the 1/8 inch to 1 foot required by the competion conditions and also by the lack of a competition motto or drawing number. They appear to be in Baldwin's hand though the lengthy inscriptions and some of the labels of drawing 5 are by Soane.

Literature

P. du Prey, John Soane: the making of an architect, 1982, chapter 10, 'The Competition for the first Howardian penitentiaries'

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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