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image Adam vol.7/40

Reference number

Adam vol.7/40

Purpose

London: Parliament House (designs for). Design showing an equestrian figure on a plinth. The rider is in Roman costume with a baton in one hand and reins in the other, wearing a victor's garland.

Aspect

Elevation

Signed and dated

Undated, probably 1762-63

Medium and dimensions

Pencil, pen, brown wash with white heightening, partly oxidised, on grey washed paper 207 x 158

Hand

Antonio Zucchi (attributed to)

Notes

This is the alternative view to that in Adam vol.7/39 with the horse's head turned to the right and with the arm holding the baton bent. Both drawings are based on the classical monument of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius in the Campidoglio in Rome, and in this they share the same source as Adam vol.7/36. Statues of this sort are referred to in James Adam's unfinished essay on architectural theory of 1762, where the grouping of sculpture is recommended: '... in these cases an equestrian statue may do well and military trophies are a noble resource...' (J. Fleming, Robert Adam and His Circle in Edinburgh & Rome, London, 1962, p.318). The designs for military trophies may be seen in Adam vol.7/71.
The set of pen and wash drawings with heightening, Adam vol.7/21-44, are all designs for the relief decoration of James Adam's Parliament House scheme of 1762/63. The predominant theme is British history and the figures are dressed in either early seventeenth-century or classical costume. The principal draughtsman was Antonio Zucchi (1726-95), although some of the figure compositions are probably the work of Agostino Scara, of whom James Adam wrote that he '... draws figures full as well as Brunias...' (J. Fleming, Robert Adam and His Circle in Edinburgh & Rome, London, 1962, p.279). Adam gave great emphasis in his Parliament scheme to the role of decorative sculpture and this probably explains the survival of so much material of this sort. In his unfinished essay on architectural theory of 1762, Adam explained: 'What is meant by outside decoration is sculpture, statues and bas-reliefs, together with foliage, trophies, frets, interlacings and a thousand such ornaments which, if properly applied, give such amazing magnificence and render an ediface so wonderfully interesting...' (Fleming, op.cit., p.317).

Level

Drawing

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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