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image Image 1 for SM 45/2/27, 45/2/30, 45/3/5, 44/9/12
image Image 2 for SM 45/2/27, 45/2/30, 45/3/5, 44/9/12
image Image 3 for SM 45/2/27, 45/2/30, 45/3/5, 44/9/12
image Image 4 for SM 45/2/27, 45/2/30, 45/3/5, 44/9/12
  • image Image 1 for SM 45/2/27, 45/2/30, 45/3/5, 44/9/12
  • image Image 2 for SM 45/2/27, 45/2/30, 45/3/5, 44/9/12
  • image Image 3 for SM 45/2/27, 45/2/30, 45/3/5, 44/9/12
  • image Image 4 for SM 45/2/27, 45/2/30, 45/3/5, 44/9/12

Reference number

SM 45/2/27, 45/2/30, 45/3/5, 44/9/12

Purpose

Views and measured drawings copied from (?) Thomas Hardwick, and (?) bought from Manocchi (4)

Aspect

1 Six views showing two sections of Small Baths, and sections of Hall of Philosophers, of Greek Library, of Latin Library, and of Serapaeum
2 Plans of A Serapeum, B Hall of Philosophers, C Tower of Rocabon, D Latin Library and unidentified bulding 3 Part-plan of Great Baths and Small Baths
4 Highly finished section of a niche head with its painted decoration

Scale

(2,3) 1/8 in to 1 ft (4) to a scale

Inscribed

(2) as above and dimensions given (3) Villa Adriana and dimensions given (4) (inscribed by Soane) Luneta della Villa Adriani in Tivoli

Signed and dated

(2) Febry 1780

Medium and dimensions

(1,2) Pen and sepia wash (3) pen and sepia wash, pencil, pricked for transfer; on laid paper (370 x 538 x 370, 375 x 538, 750 x 539); (4) pen, sepia and coloured washes, shaded within single ruled border on laid paper (396 x 486)

Hand

(1-3) Soane (4) Giuseppe Manocchi (c.1731-82)

Watermark

(1) J Whatman (2,3) J Whatman, fleur-de-lis within crowned cartouche with GR below (4) fleur-de-lis within crowned cartouche

Notes

Of the six views on drawing sheet 1 (45/2/27), only the bottom and right-hand middle row sketches are recognised as of Hadrian's Villa ). Of drawing 2, plan C is not related to Hadrian's Villa but is a plan of the Tower of Rocabona (Dr Benedette Adembri, 22.9.08)
On whether Soane's drawings of Hadrian's villa are copied from Thomas Hardwick or Giacomo Quarenghi or both see du Prey, op.cit., 1972 The drawings by Hardwick for Hadrian's Villa are in the RIBA Drawings Collection, SC53/9-10(1-3).
Professor du Prey (February 2009) noted that drawing 4, catalogued here, relates to drawings 1, 2 and 3 for the Villa Doria Pamphili in Rome, the four are by the same hand which appears to be that of Giuseppe Manocchi (c. 1731-1782) who was a Roman draughtsman of whom little is known. There are drawings signed by him (and dated 1765 or 1766) in the Adam collection at the Soane Museum and also in the 'Thomas Hardwick albums' at the Royal Institute of British Architects Drawings Collection, that are dated between 1759 and 1770.

See also Soane in Italy: measured drawings: Rome: Villa Doria Pamphili (also known as Bel Respiro) (3)

Literature

P.du Prey, 'Soane and Hardwick in Rome: a Neo-Classical partnership', Architectural History, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain, XV, 1972, pp.53,65-7;P.du Prey, (J.Lever editor), Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects, volume G-K, 1973, p.942-3; P.du Prey, John Soane's architectural education 1753-80, 1977, pp.287-8; P. du Prey, John Soane: the making of an architect, 1982, pp.151-6

Level

Drawing

Digitisation of the Drawings Collection has been made possible through the generosity of the Leon Levy Foundation

If you have any further information about this object, please contact us: drawings@soane.org.uk

Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

Browse (via the vertical menu to the left) and search results for Drawings include a mixture of Concise catalogue records – drawn from an outline list of the collection – and fuller records where drawings have been catalogued in more detail (an ongoing process).