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Alternative intermediate designs for a house (2)

Notes

Drawing 11 is for a house 70 feet wide and 45 feet deep, with a five-bay front, three-bay west elevation and four-bay east elevation; importantly, an attic storey (with pediment) has been added. The internal layout moves the library to the east side, the justice room into an inferior position to the north-west but linked to a dressing room with adjacent water closet and wardrobe. The front (as with drawing 12) has four pilasters.

Drawing 12 is for a house with a central courtyard. It is close to the plan published in Soane's Plans, elevations and sections of buildings erected in the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk…, 1788 (1789) and labelled 'Plan of the Principal floor, according to the first design'. It has a five-bay (south) entrance front and the five-bay side elevations each have a four-column, semicircular portico (simplified to three steps in the published plan). The principal stair is circular on plan; the justice room is (as in drawing 6) associated with the library and dressing room on the west side of the house. The elevation that accompanies the published plan is labelled 'Entrance front as originally proposed' and has, in the centre, a two-storey, round-arched alcove that contains the front door.

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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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