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Designs (presentation plans) related to 'No 1' elevation, one dated 18 October 1785, another (added later) 30 March 1786 (4)


Drawing 6 is a key drawing since it relates to the south, east and west elevations shown in drawings 1, 4 and 5; the overall dimensions correspond as do door and window openings and the pilasters of the south (entrance) front. Drawing 6 is dated 18 October 1785, and Soane's Journal No 1 has an entry under 19 October 1785 that notes the sending of 'Nine Drawings of House & Offices' to Robert Fellowes. These four plans may have been among those sent together with the five preceding elevations. The nine drawings catalogued here could be copies but are likely to be the original drawings; of similar size and with the same kind of border, each was folded twice in the same way (presumably for dispatch). The rough brown pen and pencil amendments to the plan of the basement (drawing 7) and the later pencilled date in Soane's hand of 30 March 1786 suggest a discussion with the client. Changes to the plan and elevations were to continue throughout 1786 and into 1789.

The plans show a house 78 feet wide with an east wing of about 101 feet in length and a shorter west wing of 68 feet. The drawing and dining rooms are on the south side with the entrance hall between. Mr Felllowes has the library, justice room (a room in the house of a Justice of the Peace in which cases were heard) and powdering closet on the west side while the domestic offices are contained in the longer east wing. The stables, with the bake house and brewery are arranged on four sides of a courtyard to the north. The basement was intended mainly as cellarage, and with a servants hall whose original position was exchanged for what had been intended as a coal cellar. The chamber floor has seven bedrooms, four dressing rooms, and a nursery, the floor of which was to be particularly well insulated so 'as to prevent any noise being heard' in the library below. A mezzanine floor with additional bedrooms was placed over the east wing. The best stair was a half-turn with landings, the ground floor window to which was blocked-in to allow for the addition of an outside water closet.



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Sir John Soane's collection includes some 30,000 architectural, design and topographical drawings which is a very important resource for scholars worldwide. His was the first architect’s collection to attempt to preserve the best in design for the architectural profession in the future, and it did so by assembling as exemplars surviving drawings by great Renaissance masters and by the leading architects in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries and his near contemporaries such as Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam and George Dance the Younger. These drawings sit side by side with 9,000 drawings in Soane’s own hand or those of the pupils in his office, covering his early work as a student, his time in Italy and the drawings produced in the course of his architectural practice from 1780 until the 1830s.

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Contents of Designs (presentation plans) related to 'No 1' elevation, one dated 18 October 1785, another (added later) 30 March 1786 (4)